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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 23 — Nov. 13, 2006
  • pp: 11418–11432

Noise figure and photon statistics in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering

D. Dimitropoulos, D. R. Solli, R. Claps, and B. Jalali  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 23, pp. 11418-11432 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.011418


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Abstract

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) is a well-known Raman scattering process that occurs when Stokes, anti-Stokes and pump waves are properly phase-matched. Using a quantum-field approach with Langevin noise sources, we calculate the noise figure for wavelength conversion between the Stokes and anti-Stokes waves in CARS and show its dependence on phase mismatch. Under phase matched conditions, the minimum noise figure is approximately 3 dB, with a correction that depends on the pump frequency, Stokes shift, refractive indices, and nonlinear susceptibilities. We calculate the photon statistics of CARS and show that the photon number distribution is non-Gaussian. Our findings may be significant for currently pursued applications of CARS including wavelength conversion in data transmission and spectroscopic detection of dilute biochemical species.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 7, 2006
Revised Manuscript: October 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: October 13, 2006
Published: November 13, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 12 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
D. Dimitropoulos, D. R. Solli, R. Claps, and B. Jalali, "Noise figure and photon statistics in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering," Opt. Express 14, 11418-11432 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-23-11418


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