OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 23 — Nov. 13, 2006
  • pp: 11460–11467

Single-shot measurement of the full spatio-temporal field of ultrashort pulses with multi-spectral digital holography

Pablo Gabolde and Rick Trebino  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 23, pp. 11460-11467 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1269 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a remarkably simple technique for measuring the full spatio-temporal electric field of a single ultrashort laser pulse. It involves capturing a large digital hologram containing multiple smaller holograms, each of which characterizes the spatial intensity and phase distributions of an individual frequency component of the pulse. From that single camera frame, we numerically reconstruct the complete electric field, E(x,y,t), using a direct algorithm. While holography requires a well-characterized reference pulse, this pulse can easily be generated from the pulse itself in most cases, so the technique is self-referencing. We experimentally demonstrate this technique using femtosecond pulses from a mode-locked Ti:Sapphire oscillator.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: September 18, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 1, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: November 4, 2006
Published: November 13, 2006

Pablo Gabolde and Rick Trebino, "Single-shot measurement of the full spatio-temporal field of ultrashort pulses with multi-spectral digital holography," Opt. Express 14, 11460-11467 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rousse, F. Falliès, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Dos Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, "Frequency-domain interferometer for measuring the phase and amplitude of a femtosecond pulse probing a laser-produced plasma," Opt. Lett. 19, 1997-1999 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Tanabe, H. Tanabe, Y. Teramura, and F. Kannari, "Spatiotemporal measurements based on spatial spectral interferometry for ultrashort optical pulses shaped by a Fourier pulse shaper," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19,2795-2802 (2002). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-11-2795. [CrossRef]
  3. L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, T. Rupp, C. Iaconis, I. A. Walmsley, and U. Keller, "Spatially resolved amplitude and phase characterization of femtosecond optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 26,96-98 (2001). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-26-2-96. [CrossRef]
  4. C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, "Direct space-time characterization of the electric fields of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 27,548-550 (2002). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-27-7-548. [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Diddams, H. K. Eaton, A. A. Zozulya, and T. S. Clement, "Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses after nonlinear propagation," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Paper CFF3 (1998).
  6. B. C. Platt and R. Shack, "History and principles of Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensing," J. Refractive Surg. 17,S573-S577 (2001).
  7. J. Liang, B. Grimm, S. Goelz, and J. F. Bille, "Objective measurement of wave aberrations of the human eye with the use of a Hartmann-Shack sensor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11,1949-1957 (1994). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-11-7-1949. [CrossRef]
  8. R. G. Lane, and M. Tallon, "Wave-front reconstruction using a Shack-Hartmann sensor," Appl. Opt. 31,6902-6908 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. Leith, C. Chen, Y. Chen, D. Dilworth, J. Lopez, J. Rudd, P. C. Sun, J. Valdmanis, and G. Vossler, "Imaging through scattering media with holography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9,1148-1153 (1992). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-9-7-1148. [CrossRef]
  10. S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola, A. Finizo, G. Pierattini, and R. Meucci, "Whole optical wavefields reconstruction by Digital Holography," Opt. Express 9, 294-302 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Lai, B. King, and M. A. Neifeld, "Wave front reconstruction by means of phase-shifting digital in-line holography," Opt. Commun. 173,155-160 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, "Self-referenced measurement of the complete electric field of ultrashort pulses," Opt. Express 12,4423-4428 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotopoulos, J. Hong, and D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera," Opt. Lett. 27, 22-24 (2002). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-27-1-22. [CrossRef]
  14. M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, "Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72,156-160 (1982). [CrossRef]
  15. P. H. Lissberger, and W. L. Wilcock, "Properties of All-Dielectric Interference Filters. II. Filters in Parallel Beams of Light Incident Obliquely and in Convergent Beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29,126-130 (1959). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-49-2-126. [CrossRef]
  16. M. Bass, "Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed.," 42.89-42.90 (1995).
  17. P. O'Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified device for ultra-short measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited