OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 24 — Nov. 27, 2006
  • pp: 11721–11726

Demonstration of wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s data rate in silicon waveguides

Ying-Hao Kuo, Haisheng Rong, Vanessa Sih, Shengbo Xu, Mario Paniccia, and Oded Cohen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 24, pp. 11721-11726 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.011721


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (366 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report an efficient wavelength conversion via four-wavemixing in reverse biased silicon-on-isolator p-i-n rib waveguides and demonstrate, for the first time, the conversion of a high-speed optical pseudo-random bit sequence data at 40 Gb/s. Results give a wavelength conversion efficiency of -8.6dB using a 8cm long waveguide with clear open eye on the wavelength converted signal. Conversion efficiency as functions of pump power and bias voltages has also been investigated. We show a slope efficiency close to 2 as predicted by theory.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 12, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 16, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: November 16, 2006
Published: November 27, 2006

Citation
Ying-Hao Kuo, Haisheng Rong, Vanessa Sih, Shengbo Xu, Mario Paniccia, and Oded Cohen, "Demonstration of wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s data rate in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 11721-11726 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-24-11721


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 - 966 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networking," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1061 - 1073 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Durhuus; B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 - 954 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Nesset, T. Kelly, and D. Marcenac, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA nonlinearities," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 56 - 61 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Nesset; D. D. Marcenac, P. L. Mason, A. E. Kelly, S. Bouchoule, and E. Lach, "Simultaneous wavelength conversion of two 40 Gbit/s channels using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 107 - 108 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. K. K. Chow, C. Shu, L. Chinlon, and A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 624 - 626 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Four-wave-mixing-based wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero signal using 40-cm bismuth oxide nonlinear optical fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1474-1476 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. L. Pavesi and D. J. Lockwood, Silicon Photonics (Spronger-Verlag, New York, 2004).
  9. G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon Photonics: An Introduction (John Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2004). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Pavesi and G. Guillot, Optical Interconnects - the silicon approach (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2006).
  11. A. Liu, H. Rong, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and D. Hak, "Net optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 12, 4261-4268 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, and M. Lipson, "Time-resolved study of Raman gain in highly confined silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4437-4442 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, "Efficient Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3343-3345 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of 11dB fiber-to-fiber gain in a silicon Raman amplifier," IEICE Elect.Express 1, 429-434 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Jones, H. Rong, A. Liu, A. W. Fang, M. J. Paniccia, D. Hak, and O. Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269-5273 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292-294 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728, (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Rong, Y. -H. Kuo, S. Xu, A. Liu, R. Jones, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, "Monolithic integrated Raman silicon laser," Opt. Express 14, 6705-6712 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale all-optical wavelength converter on silicon," Opt. Lett. 30, 2733-2735 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, "Wavelength conversion in silicon using Raman induced four-wave mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34-36 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, Jr., S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "C-band wavelength conversion in silicon photonic wire waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4341-4349 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, "Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4629-4637 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, Jun-ichi Takahashi; M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 - 240 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. H. Rong, Y.-H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, "High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 1182-1188 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006). [CrossRef]
  27. M. A. Foster1, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping1, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006). [CrossRef]
  28. H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and D. Hak, "Raman gain and nonlinear optical absorption measurements in a low-loss silicon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2196-2198 (2004). [CrossRef]
  29. T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, "Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745-2747 (2004). [CrossRef]
  30. R. Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, "Influence of nonlinear absorption on Raman amplification in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2774-2780 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd edition (Academic Press, New York, 1995).
  32. Y.-H. Kuo, H. Rong, and M. Paniccia, "High bandwidth silicon ring resonator Raman amplifier," IEEE 3rd International Conference on GroupIV Photonics, FB2, Ottawa, Sept. 2006.
  33. D. Dimitropoulos, V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, and B. Jalali, "Phase-matching and nonlinear optical processes in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 149-160 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited