OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 25 — Dec. 11, 2006
  • pp: 11997–12007

Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation

Dane R. Austin, C. Martijn de Sterke, Benjamin J. Eggleton, and Thomas G. Brown  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 11997-12007 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (303 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We numerically study dispersive wave emission during femtosecond-pumped supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibres. We show that dispersive waves are primarily generated over a short region of high temporal compression. Despite the apparent complexity of the pump pulse in this region, we show that the dynamics of dispersive wave generation are dominated by a single fundamental soliton. However, any straightforward application of the theory that is thought to describe the blue emission, considerably underestimates the frequency shift. We show that in fact the red-shift of the soliton, caused by spectral recoil from the growing dispersive wave, causes an additional blue-shift of the resonant frequency which is in good agreement with full simulations.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(060.7140) Fiber optics and optical communications : Ultrafast processes in fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: October 2, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 3, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 5, 2006
Published: December 11, 2006

Dane R. Austin, C. Martijn de Sterke, Benjamin J. Eggleton, and Thomas G. Brown, "Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 11997-12007 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. R. Alfano, The supercontinuum laser source: fundamentals with updated references, 2nd ed. (Springer, New York, 2006).
  2. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Ranka, R. Windeler, and A. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by "solitons" at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. S. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hansch, "Direct Link betweenMicrowave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thogersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear Pulse-Propagation In A Monomode Dielectric Guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 510-524 (1987). [CrossRef]
  12. J. P. Gordon, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 662-664 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. Kelly, "A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of 3rd-order dispersion," Opt. Commun. 114, 321-328 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. M. Hilligsøe, H. N. Paulsen, J. Thogersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Initial steps of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1887-1893 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989). [CrossRef]
  18. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  19. Q. H. Ye, C. Xu, X. Liu, W. H. Knox, M. F. Yan, R. S. Windeler, and B. Eggleton, "Dispersion measurement of tapered air-silica microstructure fiber by white-light interferometry," Appl. Opt. 41, 4467-4470 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation and nonlinear pulse propagation in photonic crystal fiber: influence of the frequency-dependent effective mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. C.-M. Chen and P. L. Kelley, "Nonlinear pulse compression in optical fibers: scaling laws and numerical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1961-1967 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. D. Skryabin and A. Yulin, "Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Efimov, A. Yulin, D. Skryabin, J. Knight, N. Joly, F. Omenetto, A. Taylor, and P. St. J. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Peleg, M. Chertkov, and I. Gabitov, "Inelastic interchannel collisions of pulses in optical fibers in the presence of third-order dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 18-23 (2004). [CrossRef]
  25. D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton Self-Frequency Shift Cancellation in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: AVI (2530 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (2585 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (2543 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited