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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 25 — Dec. 11, 2006
  • pp: 12151–12162

Nanocluster sensitized erbium-doped silicon monoxide waveguides

T. J. Clement, R. G. DeCorby, N. Ponnampalam, T. W. Allen, A. Hryciw, and A. Meldrum  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 12151-12162 (2006)

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We describe the fabrication and characterization of micron-scale buried strip waveguides with erbium-doped (~ 1 at. %) silicon monoxide (SiO) cores and SiO2 and polymer claddings. In spite of large core-cladding index offset (Δn~0.4), propagation loss is as low as ~ 1 dB/cm. The crosssection for the 4I13/2 to 4I15/2 erbium transition was estimated as ~10-20 cm2, a factor of 2 to 3 higher than in silica glass. The annealed core material contains a high density of amorphous silicon nanoclusters, which act as efficient broadband sensitizers for erbium. Both a traditional copropagating pump (980 nm wavelength) configuration and a transverse pump (532 nm wavelength, < 10 W/cm2) configuration were tested. In either case, free carrier absorption loss is the dominant pump-induced mechanism and approximately 15–20 % of the erbium population is invertible.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: October 12, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 2, 2006
Published: December 11, 2006

T. J. Clement, R. G. DeCorby, N. Ponnampalam, T. W. Allen, A. Hryciw, and A. Meldrum, "Nanocluster sensitized erbium-doped silicon monoxide waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 12151-12162 (2006)

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