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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 25 — Dec. 11, 2006
  • pp: 12353–12358

Simultaneous perfect phase matching for second and third harmonic generations in ZnS/YF3 photonic crystal for visible emissions

Weixin Lu, Ping Xie, Zhao-Qing Zhang, George K. L. Wong, and Kam Sing Wong  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 12353-12358 (2006)

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Theoretically designed and experimentally realized simultaneous perfect phase matching of second and third harmonic generations were demonstrated in a one-dimensional ZnS/YF3 photonic crystal (PC) structure. Dramatic enhancement of second harmonic generation (SHG) and third harmonic generation (THG) in forward and backward directions near the photonic band edge were observed. This enhancement came from a combination of large ZnS nonlinear susceptibility coefficients, high density of optical modes and perfect phase matching of the fundamental and the harmonic waves near the photonic band edge due to modification of the dispersion curve by the PC structure. Total SHG and THG conversion efficiency over 4% is measured in only six micrometers length of photonic crystal. Theoretical calculations show good agreement with experimental measurements.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: September 26, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: November 22, 2006
Published: December 11, 2006

Weixin Lu, Ping Xie, Zhao-Qing Zhang, George K. L. Wong, and Kam S. Wong, "Simultaneous perfect phase matching for second and third harmonic generations in ZnS/YF3 photonic crystal for visible emissions," Opt. Express 14, 12353-12358 (2006)

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Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

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