OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 25 — Dec. 11, 2006
  • pp: 12353–12358

Simultaneous perfect phase matching for second and third harmonic generations in ZnS/YF3 photonic crystal for visible emissions

Weixin Lu, Ping Xie, Zhao-Qing Zhang, George K. L. Wong, and Kam Sing Wong  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 12353-12358 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.012353


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (170 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Theoretically designed and experimentally realized simultaneous perfect phase matching of second and third harmonic generations were demonstrated in a one-dimensional ZnS/YF3 photonic crystal (PC) structure. Dramatic enhancement of second harmonic generation (SHG) and third harmonic generation (THG) in forward and backward directions near the photonic band edge were observed. This enhancement came from a combination of large ZnS nonlinear susceptibility coefficients, high density of optical modes and perfect phase matching of the fundamental and the harmonic waves near the photonic band edge due to modification of the dispersion curve by the PC structure. Total SHG and THG conversion efficiency over 4% is measured in only six micrometers length of photonic crystal. Theoretical calculations show good agreement with experimental measurements.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 26, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: November 22, 2006
Published: December 11, 2006

Citation
Weixin Lu, Ping Xie, Zhao-Qing Zhang, George K. L. Wong, and Kam S. Wong, "Simultaneous perfect phase matching for second and third harmonic generations in ZnS/YF3 photonic crystal for visible emissions," Opt. Express 14, 12353-12358 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-12353


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Photonic crystals: physics, fabrication and applications, edited by K. Inoue and K. Ohtaka (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2004)
  4. Nonlinear Photonic Crystals, edited by R. E. Slusher and B. J. Eggleton (Springer, Berlin 2003)
  5. H. Cheng, P. B. Miller, "Nonlinear Optical Theory in Solids," Phys. Rev. 134, A683-A687 (1964). [CrossRef]
  6. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962). [CrossRef]
  7. P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, "Optical Harmonics and Nonlinear Phenomena," Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 23-39 (1963). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Centini, M. Scalora, C. Sibilia, G. D’Aguanno, M. Bertolotti, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, "Dispersive properties of one-dimensional photonic band gap structures for second harmonic generation," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 121-126 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. N. Bloembergen and A. J. Sievers, "Nonlinear optical properties of periodic laminar structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483-486 (1970). [CrossRef]
  10. J. P. Van der Ziel and M. Ilegem, "Optical second harmonic generation in periodic multilayer GaAs-Al0.3Ga0.7As structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 437-439 (1976). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Dumeige, P. Vidakovic, S. Sauvage, I. Sagnes, J. A. Levenson, C. Sibilia, M. Centini, G. D. Aguanno, and M. Scalora, "Enhancement of second-harmonic generation in a one-dimensional semiconductor photonic band gap," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3021-3023 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Centini, G. D’Aguanno, M. Scalora, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, "Simultaneously phase-matched enhanced second and third harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. E 64, 046606 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. V. V. Konotop and V. Kuzmiak, "Simultaneous second- and third-harmonic generation in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1370-1376 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. A. V. Balakin, V. A. ushuev, N. I. Koroteev, B. I. Mantsyzov, I. A. Ozheredov, A. P. Shkurinov, D. Boucher and P. Masselin, "Enhancement of second-harmonicgeneration with femtosecond laser pulses near the photonicband edge for different polarizations of incident light," Opt. Lett. 24, 793-795 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. M. G. Martemyanov, T. V. Dolgova and A. A. Fedyanin, "Optical third-harmonic generation in one-dimensional photonic crystals and microcavities," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 98, 463-477 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Yang, P. Xie, S. K. Chan, Z. Q. Zhang, I. K. Sou, G. K. L. Wong and K. S. Wong, "Efficient second harmonic generation form large band gap II-VI semiconductor photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York 1984).
  18. P. P. Markowicz, H. Tiryaki, H. Pudavar, P. N. Prasad, NickN. Lepeshkin and Robert W. Boyd, "Dramatic enhancement of Third-Harmonic Generation in Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083903 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Hui Yang, Ping Xie, S. K. Chan, Weixin Lu, Zhao-Qing Zhang, I. K. Sou, George K. L. Wong and K. S. Wong, "Simultaneous enhancement of the second- and third-harmonic generations in one-dimensional semicounductor photonic crystals," IEEE Quantum Electron. 42, 447-451 (2006) [CrossRef]
  20. D. S. Bethune, "Optical harmonic generation and mixing in multilayer media: analysis using optical transfer matrix techniques," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 910-916 (1989). [CrossRef]
  21. P. Xie and Z. Q. Zhang, "Optical phase conjugation in third-order nonlinear photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. A 69, 053806 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, "Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials," Nature,  432, 374-376, (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Refractive index (n) for YF3 is the proprietary information of the manufacturer. However, according to the manufacturer, the n of SiO2 is almost the same as the YF3 in the wavelength region of our interest, and indeed, experimental measured transmission curve is in excellent agreement with our simulation [Fig. 1(a)].
  24. MarvinJ.  Weber, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, Volume III Optical Materials: Part 1 (CRC Press, 1986).
  25. MarvinJ.  Weber, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, Supplement 2: Optical Materials (CRC Press, 1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited