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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 25 — Dec. 11, 2006
  • pp: 12445–12450

Photonic sensing based on variation of propagation properties of photonic crystal fibres

John H. Rothwell, Dónal A. Flavin, William N. MacPherson, Julian D. C. Jones, Jonathan C. Knight, and Philip St. J. Russell  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 12445-12450 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.012445


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Abstract

We report on a low-coherence interferometric scheme for the measurement of the strain and temperature dependences of group delay and dispersion in short, index-guiding, ‘endlessly-single-mode’ photonic crystal fibre elements in the 840 nm and 1550 nm regions. Based on the measurements, we propose two schemes for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a single unmodified PCF element, without a requirement for any compensating components, and we project the measurement accuracies of these schemes.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

History
Original Manuscript: October 12, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 23, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2006
Published: December 11, 2006

Citation
John H. Rothwell, Dónal A. Flavin, William N. MacPherson, Julian D. Jones, Jonathan C. Knight, and Philip St. J. Russell, "Photonic sensing based on variation of propagation properties of photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 14, 12445-12450 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-12445


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References

  1. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, P. Mach, M. Dolinski, and J. A. Rogers, "Tunable devices based on dynamic positioning of micro-fluids in micro-structured optical fiber," Opt. Commun. 204, 179-184 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. A. Flavin, R. McBride, and J. D. C. Jones, "Dispersion of birefringence and differential group delay in polarization-maintaining fiber," Opt. Lett. 27, 1010-1012 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. W. J. Bock, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wójcik, "Measurements of sensitivity of the single-mode photonic crystal holey fibre to temperature, elongation and hydrostatic pressure," Meas. Sci Technol 15, 1496-1500 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. W. N. MacPherson, M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, B. Mangan, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. St. J. Russell, "Remotely addressed optical fibre curvature sensor using multicore photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Commun. 193, 97-104 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. J. D. C. Jones, "Review of fibre sensor techniques for temperature-strain discrimination," in Twelfth International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, Vol. 16 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 36-39.
  9. F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones and D. A. Jackson, "Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: Cross-sensitivity considerations," J. Lightwave Technol. 8,138-142 (1990). [CrossRef]

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