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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 26 — Dec. 25, 2006
  • pp: 12561–12567

The generalization of upper atmospheric wind and temperature based on the Voigt line shape profile

Chunmin Zhang and Jian He  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 26, pp. 12561-12567 (2006)

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The principle of probing the upper atmospheric wind field, which is the Voigt profile spectral line shape, is presented for the first time. By the Fourier Transform of Voigt profile, with the Imaging Spectroscope and the Doppler effect of electromagnetic wave, the distribution and calculation formulae of the velocity field, temperature field, and pressure field of the upper atmosphere wind field are given. The probed source is the two major aurora emission lines originated from the metastable O(1S) and O(1D) at 557.7nm and 630.0nm. From computer simulation and error analysis, the Voigt profile, which is the correlation of the Gaussian profile and Lorentzian profile, is closest to the actual airglow emission lines.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(100.2960) Image processing : Image analysis
(300.6300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and ocean optics

Original Manuscript: July 12, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 3, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 7, 2006
Published: December 22, 2006

Chunmin Zhang and Jian He, "The generalization of upper atmospheric wind and temperature based on the Voigt line shape profile," Opt. Express 14, 12561-12567 (2006)

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