OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 26 — Dec. 25, 2006
  • pp: 12693–12703

Slow and fast light via SBS in optical fibers for short pulses and broadband pump

V. P. Kalosha, Liang Chen, and Xiaoyi Bao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 26, pp. 12693-12703 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3048 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Slow-light effect via stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in single-mode optical fibers was considered for short probe pulses of nanosecond duration relevant to Gb/s data streams. Unlike recent estimations of delay versus pump based on steady-state small-signal approximation we have used numerical solution of three-wave equations describing SBS for a realistic fiber length. Both regimes of small signal and pump depletion (gain saturation) were considered. The physical origin of Stokes pulse distortion is revealed which is related to excitation of long-living acoustic field behind the pulse and prevents effective delay control by pump power increase at cw pumping. We have shown different slope of the gain- dependent delay for different pulse durations. Spectrally broadened pumping by multiple cw components, frequency-modulated pump and pulse train were studied for short pulses which allow to obtain large delay and suppress pulse distortion. In the pump-depletion regime of pumping by pulse train, both pulse delay and distortion decrease with increasing pump, and the pulse achieves advancement.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(290.5900) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Brillouin
(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: November 7, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 14, 2006
Published: December 22, 2006

V. P. Kalosha, Liang Chen, and Xiaoyi Bao, "Slow and fast light via SBS in optical fibers for short pulses and broadband pump," Opt. Express 14, 12693-12703 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Y. Song, M. Herraez, and L. Th´evenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, "Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1782-1784 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. G. Herraez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, "Gain-assisted pulse advancement using single and double Brillouin gain peaks in optical fibers," Opt. Express 13, 9758-9765 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. D. Stenner,M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A.M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. G. Herraez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. <jrn>. Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, "12-GHz-Bandwidth SBS Slow Light in optical Fibers," Postdeadline paper PDP1, OFC 2006, Anaheim, CA, March 5-20, 2006.</jrn>
  9. A. Minardo, R. Bernini, and L. Zeni, "Low distortion Brillouin slow light in optical fibers using AMmodulation," Opt. Express 14, 5866-5876 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Shumakher, N. Orbach, A. Nevet, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "On the balance between delay, bandwidth and signal distortion in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 5877-5884 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Yi, L. Zhan, Y. Su, W. Hu, L. Leng, Y. Song, H. Shen, and Y. Xia, "Delay of RZ PRBS data based on wideband SBS by phase-modulating the Brollouin pump," in Slow and Fast Light 2006 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2006), presentation WB4.
  12. A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, "Extended delay of broadband signals in stimulated Brillouin scattering slow light using synthesized pump chirp," Opt. Express 14, 8498-8505 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Thevenaz, K. Y. Song, and M. G. Herraez, "Time biasing due to the slow-light effect in distributed fiber-optic Brillouin sensors," Opt. Lett. 31, 715-717 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Zou, X. Bao, S. Yang, L. Chen, and F. Ravet, "Effect of Brillouin slow light on distributed Brillouin fiber sensors," Opt. Lett. 31, 2698-2700 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. Ravet, L. Chen, X. Bao, L. Zou, and V. P. Kalosha, "Theoretical study of the effect of slow light on BOTDA spatial resolution," Opt. Express 14, 10351-10358 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2003).
  18. V. P. Kalosha, E. Ponomarev, L. Chen, and X. Bao, "How to obtain high spectral resolution of SBS-based distributed sensing by using nanosecond pulses," Opt. Express 14, 2071-2078 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. C. Montes, A. Mikhailov, A. Picozzi, and F. Ginovart, "Dissipative three-wave structures in stimulated backscattering. I. A subluminous solitary attractor," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1086-1091 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. C. Montes, A. Picozzi, and D. Bahloul,"Dissipative three-wave structures in stimulated backscattering. II. Superluminous and subluminous solitons," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1092-1105 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. X. Bao, Q. Yu, V. P. Kalosha, and L. Chen, "Influence of transient phonon relaxation on the Brillouin loss spectrum of nanosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 888-890 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Coste and C. Montes, "Asymptotic evolution of stimulated Brillouin scattering: Implication for optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 34, 3940-3949 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited