OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 26 — Dec. 25, 2006
  • pp: 13131–13141

Measuring pulse-front tilt in ultrashort pulse laser beams without ambiguity of its sign using single-shot tilted pulse-front autocorrelator

Avnish Kumar Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Patidar, Manchi Raghuramaiah, Prasad Anant Naik, and Parshotam Dass Gupta  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 26, pp. 13131-13141 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (387 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The measurement of pulse-front tilt (PFT) in ultrashort pulse laser beams, without ambiguity of its sign, has been carried out using an in-house built single-shot tilted pulse-front autocorrelator (TPFAC) based on second harmonic generation in non-linear crystal. The experiment is carried out for the beam propagation through a single prism and a pair of prisms. Expressions of PFT angle have been derived to account for beam size, beam propagation effects and for arbitrary incidence of the laser beam. The measured PFT angles were found in accordance with theoretically calculated values. The calculated sensitivity of TPFAC is found to be larger than that offered by the other techniques.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: August 28, 2006
Revised Manuscript: October 29, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 10, 2006
Published: December 22, 2006

Avnish K. Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Patidar, Manchi Raghuramaiah, Prasad Anant Naik, and Parshotam Dass Gupta, "Measuring pulse-front tilt in ultrashort pulse laser beams without ambiguity of its sign using single-shot tilted pulse-front autocorrelator," Opt. Express 14, 13131-13141 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. Tajima and G. Mourou, "Zettawatt-exawatt lasers and their applications in ultrastrong-field physics," Phys. Rev. Spl. topics accelerators and beams 5, 031301,1-9 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B Laser & Optics 82, 5-8 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga and Y. Izawa, "Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 281-293 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, G. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt and B. E. Wyborn, "Vulcan petawatt - an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility," Nucl. Fusion 44, S239-S249 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, Y. Akahane, J. Ma, N. Inoue, H. Ueda and H. Kiriyama," 0.85-PW, 33-fs Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1594-1596 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, M. Hilbert, and H. A. Hazim, "Femtosecond pulse front tilt caused by angular-dispersion," Opt. Eng. 32, 2501-2504 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Bor and B. Racz, "Group-velocity dispersion in prisms and its application to pulse-compression and traveling-wave excitation," Opt. Commun. 54, 165-170 (1985). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Hebling, "Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion," Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 1759-1763 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Gu, S. Akturk, and R. Trebino, "Spatial chirp in Ultrafast Optics," Opt. Commun. 242, 599-604 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Akturk, X. Gu, E. Zeek, and R. Trebino, "Pulse-front tilt caused by spatial and temporal chirp," Opt. Express 12, 4399-4410 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, and A. Migus, "Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1662-1670 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Osvay, A. P. Kovacs, G. Kurdi, Z. Heiner, M. Divall, J. Klebniczki, and I. E. Ferincz, "Measurement of non-compensated angular dispersion and the subsequent temporal lengthening of femtosecond pulses in a CPA laser," Opt. Commun. 248, 201-209 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. J. C. Chanteloup, E. Salmon, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, P. Zeitoun, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Hubert, D. Ros, P. Nickles, and M. Kalachnikov, "Pulse-front control of 15-TW pulses with a tilted compressor, and application to the subpicosecond traveling-wave pumping of a soft-x-ray laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 151-157 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, and T. Kobayashi, "Pulse-front-matched optical parametric amplificationfor sub-10-fs pulse generation tunable in the visible and near infrared," Opt. Lett. 23, 1292-1294 (1998) [CrossRef]
  15. P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, G. P. Banfi, R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, and P. Foggi, "Powerful sub-100-fs pulses broadly tunable in the visible from a blue-pumped parametric generator and amplifier," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1245 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Kanai, X. Zhou, T. Liu, A. Kosuge, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, "Generation of terawatt 10-fs blue pulses by compensation for pulse-front distortion in broadband frequency doubling," Opt. Lett. 29, 2929-2931 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, G. TamoSauskas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression in the ultraviolet," Opt. Commun. 141, 50-55 (1997).
  18. J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, "Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation," Opt. Express 10, 1161-1166 (2002). [PubMed]
  19. A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, "Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification," Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Radzewicz, M. J. la Grone and J. S. Krasinski, "Interferometric measurement of femtosecond pulse distortion by lenses," Opt. Commun. 126, 185-190 (1996). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. J. White, "Angular chirp and tilted light pulses in CPA lasers," Appl. Phys. B 70, 1-9 (2000). [CrossRef]
  22. K. Varjú, A. P. Kovács, G. Kurdi, and K. Osvay, "High precision measurement of angular dispersion in a CPA laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, S259-S263 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Akturk, M. Kimmel, P. O’Shea, and R. Trebino, "Measuring pulse-front tilt in ultrashort pulses using GRENOUILLE," Opt. Express 11, 491-501 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, "Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 74, 209-219 (2002). [CrossRef]
  25. Z. Sacks, G. Mourou, and R. Danielius, "Adjusting pulse front tilt and pulse duration by use of a single-shot autocorrelator," Opt. Lett. 26, 462-464 (2001). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Raghuramaiah, A. K. Sharma, P. A. Naik, and P. D. Gupta, "Simultaneous measurement of pulse front tilt and pulse duration of a femtosecond laser beam," Opt. Commun. 223, 163-168 (2003). [CrossRef]
  27. G. Figueira, L. Cardoso, N. Lopes, and J. Wemans, "Mirrorless single-shot tilted-pulse-front Autocorrelator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2709-2714 (2005). [CrossRef]
  28. O. E. Martinez, "Pulse distortions in tilted pulse schemes for ultrashort pulses," Opt. Commun. 59, 229-232 (1986). [CrossRef]
  29. O. E. Martinez, "Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929-934 (1986). [CrossRef]
  30. K. Varjú, A. P. Kovács, K. Osvay, and G. Kurdi, "Angular dispersion of femtosecond pulses in a Gaussian beam," Opt. Lett. 27, 2034-2036 (2002). [CrossRef]
  31. K. Osvay, A. P. Kovacs, Z. Heiner, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatari, "Angular dispersion and temporal change of femtosecond pulses from misaligned pulse compressors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 213-220 (2004). [CrossRef]
  32. S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Gabolde and R. Trebino, "The general theory of first-order spatio-temporal distortions of Gaussian pulses and beams," Opt. Express 13, 8642-8661 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. Y. Nabekawa and K. Midorikawa, "High-order pulse front tilt caused by high-order angular dispersion," Opt. Express 11, 3365-3376 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited