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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 3 — Feb. 6, 2006
  • pp: 1033–1043

Vector diffraction analysis of high numerical aperture focused beams modified by two- and three-zone annular multi-phase plates

Toufic G. Jabbour and Stephen M. Kuebler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 3, pp. 1033-1043 (2006)

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Vector diffraction theory was applied to study the effect of two-and three-zone annular multi-phase plates (AMPs) on the three-dimensional point-spread-function (PSF) that results when linearly polarized light is focused using a high numerical aperture refractory lens. Conditions are identified for which a three-zone AMP generates a PSF that is axially super-resolved by 19% with minimal change in the transverse profile and sufficiently small side lobes that the intensity pattern could be used for advanced photolithographic techniques, such as multi-photon 3D microfabrication, as well as multi-photon imaging. Conditions are also found in which a three-zone AMP generates a PSF that is axially elongated by 510% with only 1% change along the transverse direction. This intensity distribution could be used for sub-micron-scale laser drilling and machining.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(170.5810) Medical optics and biotechnology : Scanning microscopy

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: December 19, 2005
Revised Manuscript: January 21, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2006
Published: February 6, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 3 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Toufic Jabbour and Stephen Kuebler, "Vector diffraction analysis of high numerical aperture focused beams modified by two- and three-zone annular multi-phase plates," Opt. Express 14, 1033-1043 (2006)

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