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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 6 — Mar. 20, 2006
  • pp: 2309–2316

Multi-step multi-beam laser interference patterning of three-dimensional photonic lattices

Satoru Shoji, Remo Proietti Zaccaria, Hong-Bo Sun, and Satoshi Kawata  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 6, pp. 2309-2316 (2006)

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We present laser interference patterning of three-dimensional photonic lattice structures with three-step three-beam irradiation. In contrast to one-step four-beam interference patterning, the proposed method makes it possible to continuously tune the lattice constant and the photonic band gap without distortion of the lattice shape. We analytically show that all fourteen Bravais lattices are possible to be produced by choosing proper incident vectors of laser beams. A simple routine to seek the geometrical configuration of the incident beams for producing arbitrary Bravais lattices is shown. Furthermore, We experimentally demonstrate the fabrication of three-dimensional photonic lattices in the photoresist SU-8. Significant photonic band gap effects have been observed from the well-defined photonic lattices.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(220.4610) Optical design and fabrication : Optical fabrication
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: January 17, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 7, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: March 13, 2006
Published: March 20, 2006

Satoru Shoji, Remo Zaccaria, Hong-Bo Sun, and Satoshi Kawata, "Multi-step multi-beam laser interference patterning of three-dimensional photonic lattices," Opt. Express 14, 2309-2316 (2006)

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