OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 7 — Apr. 3, 2006
  • pp: 2583–2588

Wideband four-level transmission gratings with flattened spectral efficiency

Juha Pietarinen, Tuomas Vallius, and Jari Turunen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 7, pp. 2583-2588 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.002583


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (90 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Four-level transmission-type surface relief grating profiles with nearly flat efficiency over a spectral octave are designed by rigorous electromagnetic diffraction theory. Parametric optimization of the relief depths and transition points of the profile steps of these leads to efficiencies in the range 50–60% over the entire octave if the ratio of the grating period and the mean spectral wavelength is greater than ~ 3.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: February 17, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 21, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: March 21, 2006
Published: April 3, 2006

Citation
Juha Pietarinen, Tuomas Vallius, and Jari Turunen, "Wideband four-level transmission gratings with flattened spectral efficiency," Opt. Express 14, 2583-2588 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2583


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. Braam, J. Okkonen, M. Aikio, K. Makisara, J. Bolton, "Design and first test results of the Finnish airborne imaging spectrometer for different applications, AISA", in Imaging Spectrometry of the Terrestial Environment, G. Vane, ed., Proc. SPIE 1937, 142-151 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. S. H. Kong, D. D. L. Wijngaards, and R. F. Wolffenbuttel, "Infrared micro-spectrometer based on diffraction gratings," Sensors and Actuators A 92,88-95 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Salem and M. Kafatos, "Hyperspectral image analysis for oil spilling mitigation,", in Proceedings of 22nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, (CRISP, Singapore, 2001) pp. 748-753.
  4. E. Herrala and J. Okkonen, "Imaging spectrograph and camera solutions for industrial applications," Int. J. Pattern Recogn. Artif. Intellig. 10, 43-54 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. R. O. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37,683-690 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. P. Mouroulis, D. W. Wilson, P. D. Maker, and R. E. Muller, "Convex grating types for concentric imaging spectrometers," Appl. Opt. 37,7200-7208 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Mouroulis, "Spectral and spatial uniformity in pushbroom imaging spectrometers," in Imaging Spectrometry V, J. B. Rafert, W. J. Slough, C. A. Rohde, A. Pilant, L. J. Otten, A. D. Meigs, A. Jones, and E. W. Butler, eds. Proc. SPIE 3753, 133-141 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Hyvarinen, E. Herrala, and A. Dall’Ava, "Direct sight imaging spectrograph: a unique add-on component brings spectral imaging to industrial applications," in Digital Solid State Cameras: Design and Applications, G. M. Williams, ed., Proc. SPIE 3302, 165-175 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. E. Herrala, J. Okkonen, T. Hyvarinen, M. Aikio, and J. Lammasniemi, "Imaging spectrometer for process industry applications," in Optical Measurements and Sensors for the Process Industries, C. Gorecki and R.W. Preater, eds., Proc. SPIE 2248, 33-40 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. D. E. Battey and J. B. Slater, "Compact holographic imaging spectrograph for process control applications," in Optical Methods for Chemical Process Control, S. Farquharson, ed., Proc. SPIE 2069, 60-64 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, F. Vitali, D. Lorenzetti, A. Notargiacomo, and E. Giovine "Micromachined silicon grisms: high resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared," Microelectron. Eng. 53, 543-546 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Laakkonen, M. Kuittinen, J. Simonen, and J. Turunen, "Electron-beam-fabricated asymmetric transmission gratings for microspectrometry," Appl. Opt. 39, 3187-3191 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. H. P. Herzig, ed., Micro-optics: Elements, Systems and Applications (Taylor & Francis, London, 1997).
  14. J. Turunen and F. Wyrowski, eds., Diffractive Optics for Industrial and Commercial Applications (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 1997).
  15. M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic Press, Orlando, 1982).
  16. R. Petit, ed., Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer, Berlin, 1980). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Turunen,M. Kuittinen, and F. Wyrowski, "Diffractive optics: electromagnetic approach," in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed., vol. XL, chap. V (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2000).
  18. L. Li, "Use of Fourier series in the analysis of discontinuous periodic structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1870- 1876 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Noponen and J. Turunen, "Binary high-frequency-carrier diffractive optical elements: electromagnetic theory" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11,1097-1109 (1994). [CrossRef]
  20. E. Noponen, A. Vasara, and J. Turunen, "Parametric optimization of multilevel diffractive optical elements by electromagnetic theory," Appl. Opt. 31, 5910-5912 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. E. Noponen, J. Turunen, and A. Vasara, "Electromagnetic theory and design of diffractive-lens arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10,434-443 (1993). [CrossRef]
  22. K. Blomstedt, E. Noponen, and J. Turunen, "Surface-profile optimization of diffractive imaging lenses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18,521-525 (2001). [CrossRef]
  23. C. David "Fabrication of stair-case profiles with high aspect ratios for blazed diffractive optical elements," Microelectron. Eng. 53, 677-680 (2000). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Jefimovs, Ph.D. Thesis (University of Joensuu, 2003).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited