OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 7 — Apr. 3, 2006
  • pp: 2770–2775

Active tuning of nonlinear absorption in a supramolecular zinc diphenylporphyrin-pyridine system

Zhi-Bo Liu, Jian-Guo Tian, Jian-Yu Zheng, Zhi-Yun Li, Shu-Qi Chen, and Yan Zhu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 7, pp. 2770-2775 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (169 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on an active tuning of nonlinear absorption from reverse saturable absorption to saturable absorption in supramolecular zinc diphenylporphyrins by the combination of molecular and supramolecular levels at 532, 542 and 552 nm. Firstly, the modifications of molecular structures with bromination result in a discrete but regular change in magnitude and sign of nonlinear absorption (NLA). Furthermore, a fine tuning of NLA was obtained by the intermolecular weak interaction of pyridine and zinc porphyrins. Using an association model, we theoretically simulate the change of NLA. Compared with modifying molecular structures of conventional organic materials, the weak intermolecular interaction of supramolecular porphyrins has another advantage that it can be realized more easily and flexibly to change NLA.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: February 10, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: March 15, 2006
Published: April 3, 2006

Zhi-Bo Liu, Jian-Guo Tian, Jian-Yu Zheng, Zhi-Yu Li, Shu-Qi Chen, and Yan Zhu, "Active tuning of nonlinear absorption in a supramolecular zinc diphenylporphyrin-pyridine system," Opt. Express 14, 2770-2775 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. S. Chemla, and J. Zyss, eds. Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals. (Academic Press, Orlando, FL, 1987)
  2. P. N. Prasad and D. J. Williams, Introduction to Nonlinear Optical Effects in Molecules and Polymers. (Wiley, New York 1991).
  3. H. S. Nalwa, S. Miyata, eds. Nonlinear Optics of Organic Molecules and Polymers. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1997).
  4. G. de la Torre, P. Vazquez, F. Agullo-Lopez, and T. Torres, "Role of structural factors in the nonlinear optical properties of phthalocyanines and related compounds," Chem. Rev. 104, 3723 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. .S. R. Marder, C. B. Gorman, F. Meyers, J. W. Perry, G. Bourhill, J. L. Bredas, and B. M. Pierce, "A unified description of linear and nonlinear polarization in organic polymethine dyes," Science 256, 632 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. K. McEwan, K. Lewis, G. Y. Yang, L. L. Chng, Y. W. Lee, W. P. Lau, and K. S. Lai, "Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical study of metalloporphyrins," Adv. Funct. Mater. 13, 863 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Karotki, M. Drobizhev, M. Kruk, C. Spangler, E. Nickel, N. Mamardashvili, and A. Rrebane, "Enhancement of two-photon absorption in tetrapyrrolic compounds," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 321 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, P. Gunter, R. R. Tykwinski, M. Schreiber, and F. Diederich, "Structure-property relationships in nonlinear optical tetraethynylethenes," Adv. Mater. 8, 231 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Calvete, G. Y. Yang, and M. Hanack, "Porphyrins and phthalocyanines as materials for optical limiting," Synth. Met. 141, 231 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Lehn, "Perspectives in supramolecular chemistry: from molecular recognition towards molecular information processing and self-organization," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 29, 1304 (1990). [CrossRef]
  11. S. M. Kuebler, R. G. Denning, H. L. Anderson, "Large third-order electronic polarizability of a conjugated porphyrin polymer," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 339 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Ogawa, T. Zhang, K. Yoshihara, Y. Kobuke, "Large third-order optical nonlinearity of self-assembled porphyrin oligomers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 22 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Ogawa, A. Ohashi, Y. Kobuke, K. Kamada, and K. Ohta, "Strong two-photon absorption of self-assembled butadiyne-linked bisporphyrin," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 13356(2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, and J. M. Kelly, Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenylporphyrins.Opt. Commun. 56, 25 (1985). [CrossRef]
  15. N. M. B. Neto, L. D. Boni, C. R. Mendonca, L. Misoguti, S. L. Queiroz, L. R. Dinelli, A. A. Batista, and S. C. Zilio, "Nonlinear absorption dynamics in tetrapyridyl metalloporphyrins," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17340 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. K. McEwan, P. Fleitz, J. Rogers, J. Slagle, D. McLean, H. Akdas, M. Katterle, I. Blake, and H. Anderson, "Reverse saturable absorption in the near-infrared by fused porphyrin dimmers," Adv. Mater. 16, 1933 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. W. J. Su, T. M. Cooper, and M. C. Brant, "Investigation of reverse-saturable absorption in brominated porphyrins," Chem. Mater. 10, 1212 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. L. W. Tutt, and A. Kost, "Optical limiting performance of C60 and C70 solutions," Nature 356, 225 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I. Y. S. Lee, X. L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C. T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wanda, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, 1533 (1996). [CrossRef]
  20. C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, "All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins," Opt. Commun. 245, 407 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Roy, and K. Kulshrestha, "Theoretical analysis of all-optical spatial light modulation in organometallics based on triplet state absorption dynamics," Opt. Commun. 252, 275 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 26, 760 (1990). [CrossRef]
  23. P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, B. G. Maiya, A. K. Dharmadhikari, G. R. Kumar, and N. R. Desai, "Enhanced optical limiting and nonlinear absorption properties of azoarene-appended phosphorus (V) tetratolylporphyrins," Appl. Opt. 41, 7631 (2002) [CrossRef]
  24. Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, W. Y. Zhou, F. Song, C. P. Zhang, J. Y. Zheng, and H. Xu, "Flexible alteration of optical nonlinearities of iodine charge-transfer complexes in solutions," Opt. Lett. 29, 1099 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Satake, and Y. Kobuke, "Dynamic supramolecular porphyrin systems," Tetrahedron 61, 13 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. H. J. Schneider, R. Kramer, S. Simova, and U. Schneider, "Solvent and salt effects on binding constants of organic substrates in macrocyclic host compounds. a general equation measuring hydrophobic binding contributions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 6442 (1988). [CrossRef]
  27. P. Bhyrappa, V. Krishnan, and M. Nethaji, "Solvation and axial ligation properties of (2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octabromo-5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrinato)zinc(II)," J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. 12, 1901 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited