OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 7 — Apr. 3, 2006
  • pp: 2864–2872

Visible second-harmonic light generated from a self-organized centrosymmetric lattice of nanospheres

Marc Maymó, Jordi Martorell, Albert Molinos-Gómez, and Francisco López-Calahorra  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 7, pp. 2864-2872 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.002864


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (289 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We designed and fabricated a centrosymmetric material where one may be able to consider an efficient quadratic nonlinear interaction. We followed a solid phase-supported organic synthesis methodology to covalently bind a large number of highly nonlinear molecules to the surface of polystyrene nanospheres. Such chemically modified optically nonlinear latex spheres, when suspended in water, are seen to perfectly self-organize into a centrosymmetric lattice. Taking advantage of the nonlinear interaction located at the sphere-water interface and the photonic crystal properties of the fabricated material we were able to generate second-harmonic light visible to the naked eye.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 7, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 15, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: March 16, 2006
Published: April 3, 2006

Citation
Marc Maymó, Jordi Martorell, Albert Molinos-Gómez, and Francisco López-Calahorra, "Visible second-harmonic light generated from a self-organized centrosymmetric lattice of nanospheres," Opt. Express 14, 2864-2872 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2864


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. R. Shen, the Principles of Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).
  2. J. Martorell, R. Corbalan, R. Vilaseca and J. Trull, Photonic Band Gap Materials, C. M.  Soukoulis, ed.(Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 1996), pp. 529-534.
  3. J. Martorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalán, "Second-harmonic generation in a photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702-704 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Hiltner and I. M. Krieger, "Diffraction of light by ordered suspensions," J. Phys. Chem. 73, 2386-2389 (1969). [CrossRef]
  5. R. J. Carlson and S. A. Asher, "Characterization of optical diffraction and crystal-structure in monodisperse polystyrene colloids," Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 297-304 (1984). [CrossRef]
  6. The Latex we used was supplied from IKERLAT polymers (http://www.ikerlatpolymers.es/).
  7. S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, C. P. Yakymyshyn, "Organic salts with large 2nd-order optical nonlinearities," Chem. Mater. 6, 1137-1147 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Molinos-Gómez, M. Maymó, X. Vidal, J. Martorell, D. Velasco and F. López Calahorra are preparing a paper to be called "Second-harmonic generation in colloidal photonic crystals chemically modified with nonlinear optical chromophores."
  9. S. A. Asher, J. M. Weissman, A. Tikhonov, R. D. Coalson, and R. Kesavamoorthy, "Difraction in crystalline colloidal-array photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066619 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Marowsky, A. Gierulski, and R. Steinhoff, D. Dorsch, R. Eidenschnik, and B. Rieger, "Efficiency studies of 2nd-harmonic-active organic-dye coverages," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 956-961 (1987). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Maruyama, M. Ishikawa, and H. Satozono, "Femtosecond isomerization of crystal violet in alcohols," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 6257-6263 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Martorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalán, "Scattering of second-harmonic light from small spherical particles ordered in a crystalline lattice," Phys. Rev. A. 55, 4520-4525 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, "Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045-4048 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. N. Yang, W. E. Angerer, and A. G. Yodh, "Angle-resolved second-harmonic light scattering from colloidal particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 103902 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. L. Mochan, J. A. Maytorena, B. S. Mendoza, and V. L. Brudny, "Second-harmonic generation in arrays of spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 68,085318 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Martorell, "Parametric nonlinear interaction in centrosymmetric three-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2075-2082 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. J. E. Sipe, "New Green-function formalism for surface optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 481-489 (1987). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, R. Viswanathan, and J. W. Haus, " Pulsed second-harmonic generation in nonlinear, one-dimensional, periodic structures," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3166-3174 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. N. Bloembergen and A. J. Sievers, "Nonlinear optical properties of periodic laminar structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483-486 (1970). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Martorell, "Broadband efficient nonlinear difference generation in a counterpropagating configuration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241113 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. S. E. Harris, "Proposed backward wave oscillation in infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 114 (1966). [CrossRef]
  22. Y-C. Huang, "Theory of backward distributed-feedback optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1244-1254 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited