OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 8 — Apr. 17, 2006
  • pp: 3152–3160

Optimization of a continuous phase-only sampling for high channel-count fiber Bragg gratings

Hongpu Li, Ming Li, Kazuhiko Ogusu, Yunlong Sheng, and Joshua E. Rothenberg  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 8, pp. 3152-3160 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (316 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A novel continuous phase-only sampling function capable of producing up to 81-channel FBG with excellent channel uniformity and high in-band energy efficiency is presented and optimized by using the simulated annealing algorithm. In order to fabricate this kind of FBGs with a conventional side-writing phase-mask technique, both the diffraction effects and fabrication tolerance of the phase-shifted phase mask have also been addressed. Compared with the numerical results, a 45-channel (spacing of 100 GHz) and an 81-channel (spacing of 50 GHz) phase-only sampled linearly chirped FBG are successfully demonstrated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: March 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 6, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 7, 2006
Published: April 17, 2006

Hongpu Li, Ming Li, Kazuhiko Ogusu, Yunlong Sheng, and Joshua Rothenberg, "Optimization of a continuous phase-only sampling for high channel–count fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 14, 3152-3160 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fibre Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 30, 899-901(1995). [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Pan, Y. W. Song, C. Yu, Y. Wang, Q. Yu, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, and A. E. Willner,"Tunable chromatic dispersion compensation in 40-Gb/s systems using nonlinearly chirped Fiber Bragg Gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2239-2246 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Oullette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 30, 1620-1622 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Durkin, M. Ibsen, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, "1 m long continuously-written fibre Bragg gratings for combined second-and third-order dispersion compensation," Electron. Lett. 33, 1891-1893 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Painchaud, A. Mailoux, H. Chotard, E. Pelletier, and M. Guy, "Multi-channel fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion and slope compensation," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThAA5.
  6. M. Morin, M. Poulin, A. Mailloux, F. Trepanier, and Y. Painchaud, "Full C-band slope-matched dispersion compensation based on a phase sampled Bragg grating," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper WK1.
  7. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280-1282 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. BuryakK. Y. Kolossovski, and D. Y. Stepanov, "Optimization of refractive index sampling for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 91-98 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Li, J. Popelek, Y. Sheng, Y. Wang, R. B. Wilcox, and J. Zweiback, "Dammann fiber Bragg gratings and phase-only sampling for high channel counts," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1309-1311(2002). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Li, Y. Sheng, Y. Li, J. E. Rothenberg, "Phased-only sampled fiber Bragg gratings for high channel counts chromatic dispersion compensation," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2074-2083 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bagg gratings for broad-band dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1091-1093 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, T. Tamamrua, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Super structure grating (SSG) lasers for broadly tunable DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 393-395 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Grating (Academic, San Diego, 1999).
  16. L. Poladian, B. Ashton and W. Ppadden, "Interactive design and fabrication of complex FBGs," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WL1.
  17. Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Zweiback, "Split of phase-shifts in phase mask for fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1316-1318 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, J. Popelek, J. Zweiback, and Y. Sheng, "A novel phase-only sampled 45-channel fiber Bragg grating written with a diffraction-compensated phase mask," Opt. Lett. (to be published). [PubMed]
  19. Y. Sheng and L. Sun, "Near-field diffraction of irregular phase gratings with multiple phase-shifts," Opt. Express 13, 6111-6116 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg grating by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,165-173 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. K.-M. Feng, S. Lee, R. Khosravani, S. S. Havstad, and J. E. Rothenberg, "45 ITU-100 channels dispersion compensation using cascaded full C-band sampled FBGs for transmission over 640-Km SMF," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC2003), paper Mo.3.2.5.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited