OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 8 — Apr. 17, 2006
  • pp: 3181–3186

A known-plaintext heuristic attack on the Fourier plane encryption algorithm

Unnikrishnan Gopinathan, David S. Monaghan, Thomas J. Naughton, and John T. Sheridan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 8, pp. 3181-3186 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.003181


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (157 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The Fourier plane encryption algorithm is subjected to a known-plaintext attack. The simulated annealing heuristic algorithm is used to estimate the key, using a known plaintext-ciphertext pair, which decrypts the ciphertext with arbitrarily low error. The strength of the algorithm is tested by using this estimated key to decrypt a different ciphertext which was also encrypted using the same original key. We assume that the plaintext is amplitude-encoded real-valued image, and analyze only the mathematical algorithm rather than a real optical system that can be more secure. The Fourier plane encryption algorithm is found to be susceptible to a known-plaintext heuristic attack.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(070.4560) Fourier optics and signal processing : Data processing by optical means
(200.3050) Optics in computing : Information processing

ToC Category:
Fourier Optics and Optical Signal Processing

History
Original Manuscript: January 31, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 31, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 3, 2006
Published: April 17, 2006

Citation
Unnikrishnan Gopinathan, David S. Monaghan, Thomas J. Naughton, and John T. Sheridan, "A known-plaintext heuristic attack on the Fourier plane encryption algorithm," Opt. Express 14, 3181-3186 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-8-3181


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. Javidi, ed. Optical and Digital Techniques for Information Security, (Springer Verlag, 2005). [CrossRef]
  2. Ph. R´efr ´ egier and B. Javidi, "Optical image encryption based on input plane and Fourier plane random encoding," Opt. Lett. 20, 767-769 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Unnikrishnan, J. Joseph, and K. Singh, "Optical encryption system that uses phase conjugation in a photorefractive crystal," Appl. Opt. 37, 8181-8186 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. O. Matoba and B. Javidi, "Encrypted optical memory system using three-dimensional keys in the Fresnel domain," Opt. Lett. 24, 762-764 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Javidi and T. Nomura, "Securing information by use of digital holography," Opt. Lett. 25, 28-30 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. P. C. Mogensen and J. Glckstad, "Phase-only optical encryption," Opt. Lett. 25, 566-568 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Tajahuerce and B. Javidi, "Encrypting three-dimensional information with digital holography," Appl. Opt. 39, 6595-6601 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. B. M. Hennelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Optical image encryption by random shifting in fractional Fourier domains," Opt. Lett. 28, 269-271 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T.J. Naughton and B. Javidi, "Compression of encrypted three-dimensional objects using digital holography," Opt. Eng. 43, 2233-2238 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Carnicer, M. Montes-Usategui, S. Arcos, and I. Juvells, "Vulnerability to chosen-cyphertext attacks of optical encryption schemes based on double random phase keys," Opt. Lett. 30, 1644-1646 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Frauel, A. Castro, T.J. Naughton, and B. Javidi, "Security analysis of optical encryption," Proc. SPIE 5986, 25-34 (2005).
  12. W. Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security, Third edition, (Prentice Hall, 2004).
  13. S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gellatt and M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 771-680 (1983). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Nieto-Vesperinas, R. Navarro, and J. F. Fuentes, "Performance of a simulated annealing algorithm for phase retrieval," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 30-38 (1988). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited