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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 8 — Apr. 17, 2006
  • pp: 3377–3388

Toward noninvasive measurement of blood hematocrit using spectral domain low coherence interferometry and retinal tracking

Nicusor V. Iftimia, Daniel X. Hammer, Chad E. Bigelow, David I. Rosen, Teoman Ustun, Anthony A. Ferrante, Danthu Vu, and R. Daniel Ferguson  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 8, pp. 3377-3388 (2006)

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We demonstrate in vivo measurements in human retinal vessels of an experimental parameter, the slope of the low coherence interferometry (LCI) depth reflectivity profile, which strongly correlates with the real value of blood hematocrit. A novel instrument that combines two technologies, spectral domain low coherence interferometry (SDLCI) and retinal tracking, has been developed and used for these measurements. Retinal tracking allows a light beam to be stabilized on retinal vessels, while SDLCI is used for obtaining depth-reflectivity profiles within the investigated vessel. SDLCI backscatter extinction rates are obtained from the initial slope of the A-scan profile within the vessel lumen. The differences in the slopes of the depth reflectivity profiles for different subjects are interpreted as the difference in the scattering coefficient, which is correlated with the number density of red blood cells (RBC) in blood. With proper calibration, it is possible to determine hematocrit in retinal vessels. Ex vivo measurements at various RBC concentrations were performed to calibrate the instrument. Preliminary measurements on several healthy volunteers show estimated hematocrit values within the normal clinical range.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3890) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Medical optics instrumentation
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

Original Manuscript: January 30, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 4, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 6, 2006
Published: April 17, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Nicusor V. Iftimia, Daniel X. Hammer, Chad E. Bigelow, David I. Rosen, Teoman Ustun, Anthony A. Ferrante, Danthu Vu, and R. Daniel Ferguson, "Toward noninvasive measurement of blood hematocrit using spectral domain low coherence interferometry and retinal tracking," Opt. Express 14, 3377-3388 (2006)

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