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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 8 — Apr. 17, 2006
  • pp: 3563–3568

Superprism phenomena in waveguide-coupled woodpile structures fabricated by two-photon polymerization

Jesper Serbin and Min Gu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 8, pp. 3563-3568 (2006)

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Here we give theoretical as well as experimental evidence for wavelength dependent super-refraction phenomena in waveguide coupled superprisms based on polymer woodpile structures. The photonic crystals were fabricated by means of the two-photon polymerization technique and have a partial band gap at near infrared wavelengths. To visualize the superprism effect the light propagating inside the woodpile structure was imaged using a CCD for a continuous range of wavelengths slightly above the band gap frequency. We were able to demonstrate a change of propagation direction from +50° (positive refraction) to -10° (negative refraction) with respect to the crystal surface normal for a wavelength range between 860 nm and 960 nm. Our results show the great potential of these low refractive index three-dimensional crystals, fabricated in a very fast and single-step process, to serve directly as functional micro-optical devices in the near infrared wavelength regime.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: March 1, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 30, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 1, 2006
Published: April 17, 2006

Jesper Serbin and Min Gu, "Superprism phenomena in waveguide-coupled woodpile structures fabricated by two-photon polymerization," Opt. Express 14, 3563-3568 (2006)

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