OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3929–3935

Surface-emitting fiber lasers

Ofer Shapira, Ken Kuriki, Nicholas D. Orf, Ayman F. Abouraddy, Gilles Benoit, Jean F. Viens, Alejandro Rodriguez, Mihai Ibanescu, John D. Joannopoulos, Yoel Fink, and Megan M. Brewster  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 9, pp. 3929-3935 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (542 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



All fiber lasers to date emit radiation only along the fiber axis. Here a fiber that exhibits laser emission that is radially directed from its circumferential surface is demonstrated. A unique and controlled azimuthally anisotropic optical wave front results from the interplay between a cylindrical photonic bandgap fiber resonator, anisotropic organic dye gain, and a linearly polarized axial pump. Low threshold (86nJ) lasing at nine different wavelengths is demonstrated throughout the visible and near-infrared spectra. We also report the experimental realization of unprecedented layer thicknesses of 29.5 nm maintained throughout meter-long fibers. Such a device may have interesting medical applications ranging from photodynamic therapy to in vivo molecular imaging, as well as textile fabric displays.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2050) Lasers and laser optics : Dye lasers
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: February 27, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 19, 2006
Published: May 1, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Ofer Shapira, Ken Kuriki, Nicholas D. Orf, Ayman F. Abouraddy, Gilles Benoit, Jean F. Viens, Alejandro Rodriguez, Mihai Ibanescu, John D. Joannopoulos, Yoel Fink, and Megan M. Brewster, "Surface-emitting fiber lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3929-3935 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (Marcel Dekker, Inc., Standford, California, 1993).
  2. W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, W. H. Reeves, P. S. Russell, and J. Arriaga, "Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fiber laser," Elect. Lett. 36, 1452-1454 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Argyros, N. Issa, I. Bassett, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured optical fiber for single-polarization air guidance," Opt. Lett. 29, 20-22 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and E. Marom, "Theory of Bragg fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1196-1201 (1978). [CrossRef]
  5. R. M. Verdaasdonk, and C. F. P. van Swol "Laser light delivery systems for medical applications," Phys. Med. Biol. 42869-887 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. NtziachristosC. Bremer, and R. Weissleder "Fluorescence imaging with near-infrared light: new technological advances that enable in vivo molecular imaging," Eur. Radiol. 13, 195-208 (2003). [PubMed]
  7. V. Koncar, "Optical fiber fabric displays," Opt. Photon. News 16, 40-44 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibers with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. D. Hart, G. R. Maskaly, B. Temelkuran, P. H. Prideaux, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "External reflection from omnidirectional dielectric mirror fibers," Science 296, 510-513 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. F. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications," Opt. Express. 12, 1510-1517 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Kuriki,  et al., Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA, are preparing a manuscript to be called "Hollow-core Photonic Band gap Fibers for High-power Ultraviolet Transmission."
  12. F. P. Schafer, Dye lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
  13. T. Erdogan, O. King, G. W. Wicks, D. G. Hall, E. H. Anderson, M. J. Rooks, "Circularly symmetrical operation of a concentric-circle-grating, surface-emitting, AlGaAs/GaAs quantum-well semiconductor-laser.App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1921-1923 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Scheuer, W. M. J. Green, and A. Yariv, "Annular Bragg Resonators: Beyond the limits of total internal reflection," Photon. Spectra 39,64 (2005).
  15. C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E.-B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, "A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser," Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited