OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3981–3992

Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at λ=980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect

Alexander V. Kir’yanov, Yuri O. Barmenkov, Itzel Lucio Martinez, Andrey S. Kurkov, and Evgenii M. Dianov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 9, pp. 3981-3992 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (378 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An experimental and theoretical investigation of the nonlinear transmission coefficient in a set of Ytterbium-doped silica fibers (YFs) with various concentrations of Yb3+ ions at continuous-wave 980-nm pumping is reported. An analysis of the obtained experimental data shows that YF transmission coefficient is notably affected by the presence of Yb3+ - Yb3+ ion-pairs in the fibers, especially in heavily-doped ones. The last fact is confirmed by the study of the cooperative luminescence and absorption effects in the fibers, where a detailed inspection of their dependence on Yb3+ concentration is presented. The pairs’ effect is shown to seriously modify both the nonlinear character of YF transmission coefficient at λ = 980 nm and Yb3+ excited-state relaxation. A modeling of the experimental data is performed, which allows to find the coefficients addressing the pairs’ effect in each of YFs under study and, as a result, to fit the experimentally measured dependences of YF transmission coefficient on pump power, fiber length, and Yb3+ concentration.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: April 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 17, 2006
Published: May 1, 2006

Alexander V. Kir'yanov, Yuri O. Barmenkov, Itzel L. Martinez, Audrey S. Kurkov, and Evgenii M. Dianov, "Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at λ=980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect," Opt. Express 14, 3981-3992 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (Marcel Dekker, 1993).
  2. H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 1, 2-12 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Pashotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, A. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Shaif-Ul, "High power fiber lasers," Proc. SPIE 4974, 50-592003. [CrossRef]
  5. E. Nakazawa and S. Shionoya, "Cooperative luminescence in YbPO4," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1710-17121970. [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Schugar, E. I. Solomon, W. L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 97, 6442-6450 (1975). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, F. Pelle, and P. Goldner, "Cooperative luminescence as a defining process for RE-ions clustering in glasses and crystals," Opt. Mater. 4, 35-411994. [CrossRef]
  8. E. Montoya, O. Espeso, and L. E. Bausa, "Cooperative luminescence in Yb3+:LiNbO3," J. Luminesc. 87-89, 1036-1038 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. L. A. Diaz-Torres, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Malinowski, M. Kazckan, R. Piramidowicz, Z. Frukacz, and J. Sarnecki, "Cooperative emission in Yb3+:YAG planar epitaxial waveguides," J. Luminesc. 94-95, 29-332001. [CrossRef]
  11. S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. P. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, "Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fiber," Optics. Commun. 111, 310-316 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. G. Choi, Y. B. Shin, H. S. Seo, and K. H. Kim, "Spectral evolution of cooperative luminescence in an Yb3+ -doped silica optical fiber," Chem. Phys. Lett. 364, 200-205 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. M. A. Noginov, G. B. Loutts, C. S. Steward, B. D. Lucas, D. Fider, V. Peters, E. Mix, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopic study of Yb doped oxide crystals for intrinsic bistability," J. Luminesc. 96, 129-140 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. A. V. Kir’yanov, V. P. Minkovich, Yu. O. Barmenkov, M. A. Martinez Gamez, and A. Martinez-Rios, "Multi-wavelength visible up-converted luminescence in novel heavily doped Ytterbium-Holmium silica fiber under low-power IR diode pumping," J. Luminesc. 111, 1-8 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. T. G. Ryan and S. D. Jackson, "Cooperative luminescence and absorption in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate glass optical fibres and performs," Conference Digest (30-th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology, 4-8 July 2005, Star City, Sydney, Australia).
  16. A. S. Kurkov and E. M. Dianov, "Moderate-power cw fibre lasers," Quantum. Electron. 34, 881-900 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, "Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems," Phys. Rev. B 61, 3337-3346 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, "Theoretical modeling of S-band Thulium-doped silica fiber amplifiers," Opt. Quantum. Electron. 36, 201-2122004. [CrossRef]
  19. A. V. Kir’yanov, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, "Excited-state absorption and ion pairs as sources of nonlinear losses in heavily-doped Erbium silica fiber and Erbium fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 8498-8507 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers. Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994).
  21. X. Zou and H. Toratani, "Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses," Phys. Rev. B 52, 15889-15897, (1995). [CrossRef]
  22. M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. B. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, "Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3," Quantum Electron. 34, 843-848 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited