OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 1 — Jan. 8, 2007
  • pp: 2–11

A profiling optics and water return system for validation and calibration of ocean color imagery

W. J. Rhea, G. M. Lamela, and C. O. Davis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 2-11 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (270 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a Profiling Optical and Water Return (POWR) system that has been developed and used extensively at sea. The POWR system is a collection of oceanographic instruments used to measure the inherent optical properties (IOPs) of the upper 100m of the ocean while simultaneously collecting up to eight water samples at various depths for chemical and biological analysis. IOPs are local measurements that are directly related to the properties of the water at the depth sampled; hence it is critical that the water samples be taken at the same time and location as the IOPs. Used during three major experiments, the POWR system has proven valuable for relating IOPs to in-water constituents in support of ocean color remote sensing data product validation, optical model validation, and other interdisciplinary programs.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.2170) General : Equipment and techniques
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: October 16, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: November 28, 2006
Published: January 8, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 2, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

W. J. Rhea, G. M. Lamela, and C. O. Davis, "A profiling optics and water return system for validation and calibration of ocean color imagery," Opt. Express 15, 2-11 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, A. D. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, "Nearshore physical processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002) [CrossRef]
  2. P. L. Donaghay, H. M. Rines, and J. M. Sieburth, "Simultaneous sampling of fine scale biological, chemical and physical structure in stratified waters," Arch Hydrobiology 36, 97-108 (1992)
  3. M. M. Dekshenieks, P. L. Donaghay, J. M. Sullivan, J. E. B. Rines, T. R. Osborn, and M. S. Twardowski, "Temporal and spatial occurrence of thin phytoplankton layers in relation to physical processes", Mar Ecol Prog Ser 233, 61-71, (2001) [CrossRef]
  4. C. O. Davis, J. Bowles, R. A. Leathers, D. Korwan, T. V. Downes, W. A. Snyder, W. J. Rhea, W. Chen, J. Fisher, P. Bissett, and R. Reisse, "Ocean PHILLS hyperspectral imager: design, characterization, and calibration", Opt. Express 10, (2002) [PubMed]
  5. R. C. Smith, C. R. Booth, and J. L. Star, "Oceanographic BioOptical Profiling System," Appl. Opt. 23, (1984) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. C. Smith and D. W. Menzies, "Oceanographic Bio-Optical Profiling System II," SPIE 2693, (1997)
  7. Hyperspectral Coupled Ocean Dynamics Experiments (HyCODE), http://www.opl.ucsb.edu/hycode.html
  8. Long-term Ecosystem Observatory at a 15 Meter Depth (LEO-15), http://marine.rutgers.edu/mrs/LEO/LEO15.html
  9. 2002 SIMBIOS CoJet Experiment (CoJet-7), http://seabass.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/SIMBIOS_Annual_2002.pdf
  10. Asian Dust Above Monterey-2003 (ADAM-2003), http://www.nrl.navy.mil/pressRelease.php?Y=2003&R=32-03r
  11. W. S. Pegau, D. Gray, J. R. V. Zaneveld, "Absorption of visible and near-infrared light in water: the dependence on temperature and salinity," Appl. Opt. 36, 6035-6046 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. R. V. Zaneveld, J. C. Kitchen, and C. C. Moore, "Scattering error correction of reflecting tube absorption meters," in Ocean Optics XII, S. Ackleson, ed., Proc. SPIE 2258, 44-55 (1994). [CrossRef]
  13. R. A. Maffione and D. R. Dana, "Instruments and methods for measuring the backward-scattering coefficient of ocean waters," Appl. Opt. 36, 6057-6067. (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. E. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, and J. L. Mueller, "MOBY, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: Measurement and data analysis protocols," Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 3, Vol. 2. J. L. Mueller and G. S. Fargion, eds., Greenbelt, MD, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. NASA/TM--2002-21004:138-170 (2002)
  15. H. R. Gordon and K. Ding, "Self-shading of in-water optical instruments," Limnol. Oceanogr. 37, 491-500 (1992). [CrossRef]
  16. J. R. V. Zaneveld, and W. S. Pegau, "A model for the reflectance of thin layers, fronts, and internal waves and its inversion," Oceanography 11, 44-47, (1998)
  17. C. D. Mobley and L. K. Sundman, "Hydrolight 4.2 Users’ Guide," Sequoia Scientific, Inc., Redmond, WA, 87 pages, (2001)

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited