OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 11 — May. 28, 2007
  • pp: 6690–6695

Photonic band-gap fiber gas cell fabricated using femtosecond micromachining

Christopher J. Hensley, Daniel H. Broaddus, Chris B. Schaffer, and Alexander L. Gaeta  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 11, pp. 6690-6695 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.006690


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (355 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Femtosecond laser drilling is used to produce a variable-pressure fiber gas cell. Tightly focused laser pulses are used to produce micrometer-diameter radial channels in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber (HC-PBGF), and through these microchannels the core of the fiber is filled with a gas. The fiber cell is formed by fusion splicing and sealing the ends of the HC-PBGF to standard step-index fiber. As a demonstration, acetylene is introduced into an evacuated fiber at multiple backing pressures and spectra are measured.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Laser Micromachining

History
Original Manuscript: February 28, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 30, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 3, 2007
Published: May 16, 2007

Citation
Christopher Hensley, Daniel H. Broaddus, Chris B. Schaffer, and Alexander L. Gaeta, "Photonic band-gap fiber gas cell fabricated using femtosecond micromachining," Opt. Express 15, 6690-6695 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-11-6690


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. A. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidnce of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. Mangan, D. Williams, L. Farr, M. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. Birks, J. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 13, 236-244 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 6153-6159 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. Hansen, and H. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 4080-4087 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Henningsen, J. Hald, and J. C. Peterson, "Saturated absorption in acetylene and hydrogen cyanide in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 10475-10482 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, "Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Benabid, P. Light, F. Couny, and P. Russell, "Electromagnetically-induced transparency grid in acetylene-filled hollow-core PCF," Opt. Express 13, 5694-5703 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, A. L. Gaeta, and B. J. Kirby, "Low-light level optical interactions with rubidium vapor in a photonic band-gap fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Alfeeli, G. Pickrell, and A. Wang, "Sub-nanoliter spectroscopic gas sensor," Sensors 6, 1308-1320 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. StJ. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fibre gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature 434, 488-491 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. S. Light, F. Couny, and F. Benabid, "Low optical insertion-loss and vacuum-pressure all-fiber acetylene cell based on hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 2538-2540 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse width from 7 ns to 150 fs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071-3073 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, N. Borrelli, C. Smith, and A. L. Gaeta, "Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 1311-1313 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, "Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy," Opt. Lett. 26, 93-95 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. T. N. Kim, K. Campbell, A. Groisman, D. Kleinfeld, and C. B. Schaffer, "Femtosecond laser-drilled capillary integrated into a microfluidic device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201106 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. K. Ke, E. F. HasselbrinkJr., and A. J. Hunt, "Rapidly prototyped three-dimensional nanofluidic channel networks in glass substrates," Anal. Chem. 77, 5083-5088 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Liu, D. Du, and G. Mourou, "Laser ablation and micromachining with ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1706-1716 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Li, K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, D. Kuroda, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, "Three-dimensional hole drilling of silica glass from the rear surface with femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 1912-1914 (2001). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Lai, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Microchannels in conventional single-mode fibers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2559-2561 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, "Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling," Appl. Phys. A 68, 563-567 (1999). [CrossRef]
  25. R. Thapa, K. Knabe, K. L. Corwin, and B. R. Washburn, "Arc fusion splicing of hollowcore photonic bandgap fibers for gas-filled fiber cells," Opt. Express 14, 9576-9583 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited