OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 11 — May. 28, 2007
  • pp: 6744–6749

Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 11, pp. 6744-6749 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.006744


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2542 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A compact, electrically driven light source integrated on silicon is a key component for large-scale integration of electronic and photonic integrated circuits. Here we demonstrate electrically injected continuous-wave lasing in InP-based microdisk lasers coupled to a sub-micron silicon wire waveguide, fabricated through heterogeneous integration of InP on silicon-on-insulator (SOI). The InP-based microdisk has a diameter of 7.5 μm and a thickness of 1 μm. A tunnel junction was incorporated to efficiently contact the p-side of the pn-junction. The laser emits at 1.6 μm, with a threshold current as low as 0.5 mA under continuous-wave operation at room temperature, and a threshold voltage of 1.65 V. The SOI-coupled laser slope efficiency was estimated to be 30 μW/mA, with a maximum unidirectional output power of 10 μW.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 22, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 27, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 27, 2007
Published: May 17, 2007

Citation
J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, "Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express 15, 6744-6749 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-11-6744


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Soref, "The past, present and future of silicon photonics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1687-1687 (2006).
  3. H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, "Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express  14, 8154-8159 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, J. E. Bowers, "Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," Opt. Express 14, 9203-9210 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. W. Fang, R. Jones, H. Park, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, "Integrated AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent racetrack laser and photodetector," Opt. Express 14, 9203-9210 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. A. B. Miller, "Optical interconnects to silicon," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1312?1317 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  15. H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. B. E. Little, J.-P Laine and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt Lett.  22, 4-6 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. I. Christiaens, "Vertically coupled microring resonators fabricated with wafer bonding," PhD thesis, Ghent University, 2005.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited