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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 11 — May. 28, 2007
  • pp: 6831–6839

Combination of optical and electronic logic gates for error correction in multipath differential demodulation

Yannick Keith Lize, Louis Christen, Moshe Nazarathy, Scott Nuccio, Xiaoxia Wu, Alan E. Willner, and Raman Kashyap  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 11, pp. 6831-6839 (2007)

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We present an optical multipath error correction technique for differentially encoded modulation formats such as differential-phase-shift-keying (DPSK) and differential polarization shift keying (DPolSK) for fiber-based and free-space communication. This multipath error correction method combines optical and electronic logic gates. The scheme can easily be implemented using commercially available interferometers and high speed logic gates and does not require any data overhead therefore does not affect the effective bandwidth of the transmitted data. It is not merely compatible but also complementary to error correction codes commonly used in optical transmission systems such as forward-error-correction (FEC). The technique consists of separating the demodulation at the receiver in multiple paths. Each path consists of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with a different integer bit delay used in each path. Some basic logic operations follow and the three paths are compared using a simple majority vote algorithm. Experimental results show that the scheme improves receiver sensitivity by 1.5 dB at BER of 10-3,in back-to-back configuration. Numerical results indicate a 1.6 dB improvement in the presence of Chromatic Dispersion for a 25% increase in tolerance for a 3dB penalty from ±1220 ps/nm to ±1520 ps/nm. and a 0.35 dB improvement for back-to-back operation.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: February 23, 2007
Revised Manuscript: May 9, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 15, 2007
Published: May 18, 2007

Yannick K. Lize, Louis Christen, Moshe Nazarathy, Scott Nuccio, Xiaoxia Wu, Alan E. Willner, and Raman Kashyap, "Combination of optical and electronic logic gates for error correction in multipath differential demodulation," Opt. Express 15, 6831-6839 (2007)

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