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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 12 — Jun. 11, 2007
  • pp: 7458–7467

Measurement of transient nonlinear refractive index in gases using xenon supercontinuum single-shot spectral interferometry

Y.-H. Chen, S. Varma, I. Alexeev, and H. M. Milchberg  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 12, pp. 7458-7467 (2007)

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A highly stable version of spectral interferometry is demonstrated, allowing single shot measurement of ultrafast high field processes using modest energy lasers, with pump and probe pulses totaling less than 1 mJ. The technique makes possible reconstruction of ultrafast refractive index transients with one-dimensional spatial resolution, limited only by the bandwidth of the supercontinuum pulse (~100 nm) and instrument resolution. The ultrafast nonlinear Kerr effect in glass, and in Ar, N2, and N2O gases is measured, along with plasma generation in Ar. The inertial contribution to the nonlinear index from N2 and N2O molecular rotation is also observed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(260.5210) Physical optics : Photoionization
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: April 20, 2007
Revised Manuscript: May 25, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 27, 2007
Published: June 1, 2007

Y.-H. Chen, S. Varma, I. Alexeev, and H. Milchberg, "Measurement of transient nonlinear refractive index in gases using xenon supercontinuum single-shot spectral interferometry," Opt. Express 15, 7458-7467 (2007)

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