OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 13 — Jun. 25, 2007
  • pp: 7940–7949

High purity bright single photon source

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, H. Takahashi, A. I. Vistnes, and E. S. Polzik  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 13, pp. 7940-7949 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1365 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Using cavity-enhanced non-degenerate parametric down-conversion, we have built a frequency tunable source of heralded single photons with a narrow bandwidth of 8 MHz, making it compatible with atomic quantum memories. The photon state is 70% pure single photon as characterized by a tomographic measurement and reconstruction of the quantum state, revealing a clearly negative Wigner function. Furthermore, it has a spectral brightness of ~1,500 photons/s per MHz bandwidth, making it one of the brightest single photon sources available. We also investigate the correlation function of the down-converted fields using a combination of two very distinct detection methods; photon counting and homodyne measurement.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2920) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Homodyning
(230.6080) Optical devices : Sources
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: April 3, 2007
Revised Manuscript: June 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: June 6, 2007
Published: June 11, 2007

J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. M. Nielsen, H. Takahashi, A. I. Vistnes, and E. S. Polzik, "High purity bright single photon source," Opt. Express 15, 7940-7949 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. F. Sherson, H. Krauter, R. K. Olsson, B. Julsgaard, K. Hammerer, I. Cirac, and E. S. Polzik, "Quantum teleportation between light and matter," Nature 443, 557-560 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Z. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. J. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102-105 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual color centers in diamond," Opt. Lett 25, 1294-1296 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. B. Lounis and W. E. Moerner, "Single photons on demand from a single molecule at room temperature," Nature 407, 491-493 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Darquie, M. P. A. Jones, J. Dingjan, J. Beugnon, S. Bergamini, Y. Sortais, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Controlled single-photon emission from a single trapped two-level atom," Science 309, 454-456 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, "Efficient source of single photons: A single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. McKeever, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, R. Miller, J. R. Buck, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Deterministic generation of single photons from one atom trapped in a cavity," Science 303, 1992-1994 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Keller, B. Lange, K. Hayasaka, W. Lange, and H. Walther, "Continuous generation of single photons with controlled waveform in an ion-trap cavity system," Nature 431, 1075-1078 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Wilk, S. C. Webster, H. P. Specht, G. Rempe, and A. Kuhn, "Polarization-controlled single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063601 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Deterministic single photons via conditional quantum evolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013601 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. K. Thompson, J. Simon, H. Loh, and V. Vuletic, "A high-brightness source of narrowband, identical-photon pairs," Science 313, 74-77 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Chen, Y.-A. Chen, T. Strassel, Z.-S. Yuan, B. Zhao, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, "Deterministic and storable single-photon source based on a quantum memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 173004 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, "Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58-60 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, "Quantum state reconstruction of the single-photon fock state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Fulconis, O. Alibart,W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and J. Rarity, "High brightness single mode source of correlated photon pairs using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7572-7582 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Y. J. Lu and Z. Y. Ou, "Optical parametric oscillator far below threshold: Experiment versus theory," Phys. Rev. A 62, 033804 (2000). [CrossRef]
  25. H. Wang, T. Horikiri, and T. Kobayashi, "Polarization-entangled mode-locked photons from cavity-enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043804 (2004). [CrossRef]
  26. C. E. Kuklewicz, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, "Time-bin-modulated biphotons from cavity-enhanced downconversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 223601 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, "Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon fock state by highfrequency homodyne detection," Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004). [CrossRef]
  28. A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Quantum homodyne tomography of a two-photon fock state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213601 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. D. Drummond and M. D. Reid, "Correlations in nondegenerate parametric oscillation. II. Below threshold results," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3930-3949 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. C. Schori, J. L. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik, "Narrow-band frequency tunable light source of continuous quadrature entanglement," Phys. Rev. A 66, 033802 (2002). [CrossRef]
  31. J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. M. Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Mølmer, and E. S. Polzik, "Generation of a superposition of odd photon number states for quantum information networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083604 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. E. B. Nielsen and K. Mølmer, "Single-photon-state generation from a continuous-wave nondegenerate optical parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 75, 023806 (2007). [CrossRef]
  33. Z. Y. Ou and H. J. Kimble, "Probability distribution of photoelectric currents in photodetection processes and its connection to the measurement of a quantum state," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3126 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. I. Lvovsky, "Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography," J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics 6, S556-S559 (2004). [CrossRef]
  35. N. B. Grosse, T. Symul, M. Stobi’nska, T. C. Ralph, and P. K. Lam, "Measuring photon anti-bunching from continuous variable sideband squeezing," quant-ph/0609033.
  36. G. T. Foster, W. P. Smith, J. E. Reiner, and L. A. Orozco, "Time-dependent electric field fluctuations at the subphoton level," Phys. Rev. A 66, 033807 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited