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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 16 — Aug. 6, 2007
  • pp: 10033–10040

Optical switches based on partial band gap and anomalous refraction in photonic crystals modulated by liquid crystals

Yao-Yu Wang, Jiun-Yeu Chen, and Lien-Wen Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 16, pp. 10033-10040 (2007)

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Optical switches using two transmission properties in triangular photonic crystals infiltrated with liquid crystals (LCs) are investigated for incorporation in wave-guided structures for planar lightwave circuits. The two devices employ partial band gap and anomalous refraction, which are based on the anisotropic characteristics of LC reorientation under applied fields. These switches have been designed and their parameters have been analyzed by the plane wave and finite-difference time-domain calculations. In the on/off switching system, the partial band gap can be controlled when the normalized operation frequency is 0.27. The anomalous refraction can be modulated to deflect a light beam with a maximum deflection angle ~57° when the frequency is 0.3. The tunability induced by LCs can create a sharp switching in the photonic devices.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: April 30, 2007
Revised Manuscript: July 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: July 9, 2007
Published: July 25, 2007

Yao-Yu Wang, Jiun-Yeu Chen, and Lien-Wen Chen, "Optical switches based on partial band gap and anomalous refraction in photonic crystals modulated by liquid crystals," Opt. Express 15, 10033-10040 (2007)

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