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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 18 — Sep. 3, 2007
  • pp: 11207–11212

Liquid-core, liquid-cladding photonic crystal fibers

Christiano J. S. de Matos, Cristiano M. B. Cordeiro, Eliane M. dos Santos, Jackson S. K. Ong, Alexandre Bozolan, and C. H. Brito Cruz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 18, pp. 11207-11212 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.011207


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Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a simple and novel technique to simultaneously insert a liquid into the core of a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) and a different liquid into its cladding. The result is a liquid-core, liquid-cladding waveguide in which the two liquids can be selected to yield specific guidance characteristics. As an example, we tuned the core-cladding index difference by proper choice of the inserted liquids to obtain control over the number of guided modes. Single-mode guidance was achieved for a particular choice of liquids. We also experimentally and theoretically investigated the nature of light confinement and observed the transition from photonic bandgap to total internal reflection guidance both with the core-cladding index contrast and with the PCF length.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

History
Original Manuscript: July 3, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 13, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 14, 2007
Published: August 21, 2007

Citation
Christiano J. De Matos, Cristiano M. B. Cordeiro, Eliane M. dos Santos, Jackson S. Ong, Alexandre Bozolan, and Carlos H. Brito Cruz, "Liquid-core, liquid-cladding photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11207-11212 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11207


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