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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 20 — Oct. 1, 2007
  • pp: 12850–12865

Fresnel rhombs as achromatic phase shifters for infrared nulling interferometry

Dimitri Mawet, Charles Hanot, Cédric Lenaerts, Pierre Riaud, Denis Defrère, Denis Vandormael, Jérôme Loicq, Karl Fleury, Jean-Yves Plesseria, Jean Surdej, and Serge Habraken  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 20, pp. 12850-12865 (2007)

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We propose a new family of achromatic phase shifters for infrared nulling interferometry. These key optical components can be seen as optimized Fresnel rhombs, using the total internal reflection phenomenon, modulated or not. The total internal reflection indeed comes with a phase shift between the polarization components of the incident light. We propose a solution to implement this vectorial phase shift between interferometer arms to provide the destructive interference process needed to disentangle highly contrasted objects from one another. We also show that, modulating the index transition at the total internal reflection interface allows compensating for the intrinsic material dispersion in order to make the subsequent phase shift achromatic over especially broad bands. The modulation can be induced by a thin film of a well-chosen material or a subwavelength grating whose structural parameters are thoroughly optimized. We present results from theoretical simulations together with preliminary fabrication outcomes and measurements for a prototype in Zinc Selenide.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: June 25, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 24, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 25, 2007
Published: September 21, 2007

Dimitri Mawet, Charles Hanot, Cédric Lenaers, Pierre Riaud, Denis Defrère, Denis Vandormael, Jérôme Loicq, Karl Fleury, Jean-Yves Plesseria, Jean Surdej, and Serge Habraken, "Fresnel rhombs as achromatic phase shifters for infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15, 12850-12865 (2007)

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