OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 20 — Oct. 1, 2007
  • pp: 13023–13034

Viewing region maximization of an integral floating display through location adjustment of viewing window

Joowhan Kim, Sung-Wook Min, and Byoungho Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 20, pp. 13023-13034 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (301 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Integral floating display is a recently proposed three-dimensional (3D) display method which provides a dynamic 3D image in the vicinity to an observer. It has a viewing window only through which correct 3D images can be observed. However, the positional difference between the viewing window and the floating image causes limited viewing zone in integral floating system. In this paper, we provide the principle and experimental results of the location adjustment of the viewing window of the integral floating display system by modifying the elemental image region for integral imaging. We explain the characteristics of the viewing window and propose how to move the viewing window to maximize the viewing zone.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory

ToC Category:
Image Processing

Original Manuscript: June 11, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 13, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 21, 2007
Published: September 25, 2007

Joowhan Kim, Sung-Wook Min, and Byoungho Lee, "Viewing region maximization of an integral floating display through location adjustment of viewing window," Opt. Express 15, 13023-13034 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S.-W. Min, M. Hahn, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Three-dimensional electro-floating display system using an integral imaging method," Opt. Express 13, 4358-4369 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Lee, J. Kim, and S.-W. Min, "Integral floating 3D display system: principle and analysis," Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, Optics East, Boston, MA, USA, Proc. SPIE. 6392, paper 6392-18, Oct. 2006.
  3. J. Kim, Y. Kim, S.-W. Cho, S.-W. Min and B. Lee, "Viewing angle enhancement of an integral imaging system." Society for Information Display 2006 International Symposium Digest of Technical Paper, San Francisco, CA, USA, Vol. 37, book I, 186-189, June 2006.
  4. G. Lippmann, "La photographic intergrale," C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).
  5. F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, "Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography," Opt. Eng. 38, 1072-1077 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-Dimensional Image Sensing and Reconstruction with Time-Division Multiplexed Computational Integral Imaging," Appl. Opt. 42, 7036-7042 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, "Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging," in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T.-C. Poon, ed., (Springer, New York, USA, 2006), Chap. 12.
  8. J. S. Jang, F. Jin, and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus using real and virtual image fields," Opt. Lett. 28, 1421-1423 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Okui, J. Arai, Y. Nojiri, and F. Okano, "Optical screen for direct projection of integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 45, 9132-9139 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Improved analysis on the viewing angle of integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 44, 2311-2317 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, SPIE Annual Meeting, Proc. SPIE 5524, Denver, Colorado, USA, 387-395, Aug. 2004. [CrossRef]
  12. J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 40, 5217-5232 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: AVI (1596 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited