OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 21 — Oct. 17, 2007
  • pp: 13476–13495

First demonstration of a high performance difference frequency spectrometer on airborne platforms

Petter Weibring, Dirk Richter, James G. Walega, and Alan Fried  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 21, pp. 13476-13495 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.013476


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2370 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We discuss the first airborne deployment and performance tests of a mid-IR difference frequency spectrometer system for highly sensitive measurements of formaldehyde. The laser system is based upon difference-frequency generation (DFG) at ~3.5 μm by mixing a DFB diode laser at 1562 nm and a distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser at 1083 nm in a periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) crystal. Advanced LabVIEWTM software for lock-in, dual-beam optical noise subtraction, thermal control and active wavelength stabilization, renders a sensitivity of ~20 pptv (Absorbance ~7*10-7) for 30s of averaging. The instrument’s performance characteristics spanning more than 300 flight hours during three consecutive airborne field missions MIRAGE, IMPEX and TexAQS operating on two airborne platforms, NCAR’s C-130 and NOAA’s P-3 aircraft are demonstrated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1120) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Air pollution monitoring
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and oceanic optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 20, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 20, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 21, 2007
Published: October 1, 2007

Citation
Petter Weibring, Dirk Richter, James G. Walega, and Alan Fried, "First demonstration of a high performance difference frequency spectrometer on airborne platforms," Opt. Express 15, 13476-13495 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13476


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. G. Lancaster, A. Fried, B. Wert, B. Henry, and F. K. Tittel, "Difference-frequency-based tunable absorption spectrometer for detection of atmospheric formaldehyde," Appl. Opt. 39,4436 - 4443 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. D , Mazzotti, G. Giusfredi, P. Cancio, and P. De Natale, "High-sensitivity spectroscopy of CO2 around 4.25 ?m with difference-frequency radiation," Optics and Lasers in Eng. 37, 143-158 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Fischer, and M. W. Sigrist, "Trace-gas sensing in the 3.3-?m region using a diode-based difference-frequency laser photoacoustic system," Appl. Phys. B. 75, 305-310 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Borri, P. Cancio, P. De Natale, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, and F. Tamassia, "Power-boosted difference-frequency source for high-resolution infrared spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B. 76, 473-477 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Barron-Jimenez, J. A. Caton, T. N. Anderson, R. P. Lucht, T. Walther, S. Roy, M. S. Brown and J. R. Gord, "Application of difference-frequency-mixing based diode-laser sensor for carbon monoxide detection in the 4.4-4.8 ?m spectral region," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 185-197 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Richter, A. Fried, B. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, "Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection," Appl. Phys. B. 75, 281-288 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Richter and P. Weibring, "Ultra-high precision mid-IR spectrometer I: Design and analysis of an optical fiber pumped difference-frequency generation source," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 479-486 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Weibring and D. Richter, A. Fried, J. G. Walega, and C. Dyroff, "Ultra-high precision mid-IR spectrometer II: system description and spectroscopic performance," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 207-218 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Richter, P. Weibring, A. Fried, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and H. Suzuki, "High-power, tunable difference frequency generation source for absorption spectroscopy based on a ridge waveguide periodically poled lithium niobate crystal," Opt. Express 15, 564-571 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Fried, Y. Lee, G. Frost, B. Wert, B. Henry, J. R. Drummond, G. Hübler, and T. Jobson, "Airborne CH2O measurements over the North Atlantic during the 1997 NARE campaign: Instrument comparisons and distributions," J. Geophys. Res. 107, 4039, doi: 10.1029/2000JD000260 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Fried, J. Crawford, J. Olson, J. Walega, W. Potter, B. Wert, C. Jordan, B. Anderson, R. Shetter, B. Lefer, D. Blake, N. Blake, S. Meinardi, B. Heikes, D. O’Sullivan, J. Snow, H. Fuelberg, C. M. Kiley, S. Sandholm, D. Tan, G, Sachse, H. Singh, I. Faloona, C. N. Harward, and G. R. Carmichael, "Airborne tunable diode laser measurements of formaldehyde during TRACE-P: Distributions and box model comparisons," J. Geophys. Res. 108,8798, doi: 10.1029/2003JD003451 (2003).
  12. A. Stickler, H. Fischer, J. Williams, M. De Reus, R. Sander, M.G. Lawrence, J.N. Crowley, and J. Lelieveld,Fisher, "Influence of summertime deep convection on formaldehyde in the middle and upper troposphere over Europe," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14308, doi: 10.1029/2005JD007001 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Snow, B.G. Heikes, H. Shen, D. O’Sullivan, A. Fried, and J. Walega, "Hydrogen peroxide, methyl hydroperoxide, and formaldehyde over North America and the North Atlantic," J. Geophys. Res. 112, D12S07, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007746 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Roller, A. Fried, J. G. Walega, P. Weibring, and F. K. Tittel, "Advances in Hardware, System Diagnostics Software, and Acqusition Procedures for High Performance Airborne Tunable Diode Laser Measurements of formaldehyde," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 247-264 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. D. Richter, US Patent application 11276874, "Precision Polarization Optimized Optical Beam Processor," filed March 17, 2006 with US Patent and Trademark Office.
  16. B. P. Wert, A. Fried, S. Rauenbuehler, J. Walega, B. Henry, "Design and performance of a tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer for airborne formaldehyde measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4163, doi:10.1029/2002JD002872 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. P. Werle, R. Mucke and F. Slemr, "The Limits of Signal averaging in Atmospheric Trace-Gas Monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B. 57, doi: 10.1007/BF00425997 (1993). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Werle, P. Mazzinghi, F. D’Amato, M. De Rosa, K. Maurer, F. Slemr. "Signal processing and calibration procedures for in situ diode-laser absorption spectroscopy. Spectrochim," Acta A 60, 1685-1705 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Fried, J. Walega, J. R. Olson, J. H. Crawford, G. Chen, P. Weibring, D. Richter, C. Roller, F. K. Tittel, B. G. Heikes, J. A. Snow, H. Shen, D.W. O’Sullivan, M. Porter, H. Fuelberg, J. Halland, and D. B. Millet., "Formaldehyde over North America and the North Atlantic during the Summer 2004 INTEX Campaign: Methods, Observed Distributions, and Measurement Box Model Comparison," (submitted toJ. Geophys. Res.).
  20. B. P. Wert, M. Trainer, A. Fried, T. B. Ryerson, B. Henry, W. Potter, W. M. Angevine, E. Atlas, S. G. Donnelly, F. C. Fehsenfeld, G. J. Frost, P. D. Goldan, A. Hansel, J. S. Holloway, G. Hubler, W. C. Kuster, D. K. Nicks, J. A. Neuman, D. D. Parrish, S. Schauffler, J. Stutz, D. T. Sueper, C. Wiedinmyer, and A. Wisthaler, "Signatures of terminal alkene oxidation in airborne formaldehyde measurements during TexAQS 2000", J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4104, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002502 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: MOV (3851 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (828 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1394 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (2067 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited