OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 21 — Oct. 17, 2007
  • pp: 13547–13556

Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers

T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 21, pp. 13547-13556 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (521 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate experimentally that bending loss in large mode area photonic crystal fibers oscillates with wavelength. To do so we carried out loss measurements for different fiber bend radii and for different angular orientations. These results confirm the oscillatory behavior of bending loss vs. wavelength as predicted recently by numerical analysis [J. Olszewski et al., Opt. Express 13, 6015 (2005)]. We also found good agreement between our measurement results and our simulations relying on a finite element method with perfectly matched layers and an equivalent index model.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

Original Manuscript: June 4, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 20, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 24, 2007
Published: October 1, 2007

T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, "Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 13547-13556 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. St.J. Russell, "Photonic-Crystal Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24,4729-4749 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22,961-963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, "Macro-bending loss properties of photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 37,287-289 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, "Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres," IEE Proc.-Optoelectron. 149,206-210 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. M.D. Nielsen, J.R. Folkenberg, N.A. Mortensen, and A. Bjarklev, "Bandwidth comparison of photonic crystal fibers and conventional single-mode fibers," Opt. Express 12,430 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-3-430. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. D. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, M. Albertsen, J. R. Folkenberg, A. Bjarklev, and D. Bonacinni "Predicting macrobending loss for large-mode area photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12,1775 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-8-1775. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa,V. Finazzi, D.J. Richardson. "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227,317-335 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Tsuchida, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba "Design and characterisation of single-mode holey fibers with low bending losses," Opt. Express 13,4770 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-12-4770. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, and W. Urbanczyk, "Effect of coupling between fundamental and cladding modes on bending losses in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13,6015 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-16-6015. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasilowski, H. Thienpont, "Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Commun. 269,261-270 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. A. J. Harris and P.F. Castle, "Bend loss measurement on high numerical aperture single-mode fibers as function of wavelength and bend radius," J. Lightwave Technol. 4,34-40 (1986). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Morgan, J.S. Barton, P.G. Harper and J.D.C. Jones, "Wavelength dependence of bending loss in mononmode optical fibers: effect of the fiber buffer coating," Opt. Lett. 15,947-949 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Renner, "Bending losses of coated single-mode fibers: a simple approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 10,544-551 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Faustini and G. Martini, "Bend loss in single-mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,671-679 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. Q. Wang, G. Farrell, T. Freir, "Theoretical and experimental investigations of macro-bend losses for standard single mode fibers," Opt. Express 13,4476 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-12-4476. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, "Complex modal analysis of curved optical waveguides using a full-vectorial finite element method with perfectly matched layer boundary conditions," Electromagnetics 24,39-48 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhou, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, T. Matsui, C. Fukai, I. Sankawa, "PMD characteristics of twisted photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 41,403 - 405 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited