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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 22 — Oct. 29, 2007
  • pp: 14942–14947

Analysis of maximum reach in WDM PON architecture based on distributed Raman amplification and pump recycling technique

Chul Han Kim, Ju Han Lee, and Kwanil Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 22, pp. 14942-14947 (2007)

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We analyze the performance of bidirectional WDM PON architecture which utilizes distributed Raman amplification and pump recycling technique. The maximum reach at data rates of 622 Mb/s and 1.25 Gb/s in the proposed WDM PON architecture is calculated by taking into account the effects of power budget, chromatic dispersion of transmission fiber, and Raman amplification-induced noises with a given amount of Raman pump power. From the result, the maximum reach for 622 Mb/s and 1.25 Gb/s signal transmission is calculated to be 65 km and 60 km with a Raman pump power of 700 mW, respectively. We also find that the calculated results agree well with the experimental results which were reported previously.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.2380) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sources and detectors
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: July 23, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 26, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 22, 2007
Published: October 26, 2007

Chul Han Kim, Ju Han Lee, and Kwanil Lee, "Analysis of maximum reach in WDM PON architecture based on distributed Raman amplification and pump recycling technique," Opt. Express 15, 14942-14947 (2007)

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  1. R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. I. T. Monroy, R. Kjaer, B. Palsdottir, A. M. J. Koonen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gb/s bidirectional single fibre long reach PON link with distributed Raman amplification," presented at Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC2006), Sep. 2006, We3.P.166.
  3. H. H. Lee, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, and B. Palsdottir, "A hybrid-amplified PON with 75-nm downstream band-with, 60 km reach, 1:64 split and multiple video services," presented at OFC2007/NFOEC, Mar. 2007, OWL2.
  4. S.-M. Lee, S.-G. Mun, M.-H. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Lee, Y-G. Han, S. B. Lee, and C. H. Kim, "Raman amplification-based WDM-PON architecture with centralized Raman pump-driven, spectrum-sliced erbium ASE and polarization-insensitive EAMs," Optics Express 14, 9036-9041 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, "Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271-283 (1991). [CrossRef]
  8. C. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Performance comparison of directly-modulated, wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode and EAM-modulated spectrum-sliced ASE source for 1.25 Gb/s WDM-PON," presented at OFC2007/NFOEC, Mar. 2007, JWA82.
  9. Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light sources," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,715-717 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. C. H. Kim, J. Bromage, and R. M. Jopson, "Reflection-induced penalty in Raman amplified systems," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,573-575 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 19,1140-1148 (2001). [CrossRef]

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