OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15011–15021

Micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings: optimization of the fabrication process

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, D. Paladino, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15011-15021 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (411 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



This work has been devoted to present and demonstrate a novel approach for the fabrication of micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings (MSFBGs) with enhanced control of the geometric features and thus of the spectral properties of the final device. The investigated structure relies on the localized stripping of the cladding layer in a well defined region in the middle of the grating structure leading to the formation of a defect state in the spectral response. In order to fully explore the versatility of MSFBGs for sensing and communications applications, a technological assessment of the fabrication process aimed to provide high control of the geometrical features is required. To this aim, here, we demonstrate that the optimization of this device is possible by adopting a fabrication process based on polymeric coatings patterned by high resolution UV laser micromachining tools. The function of the polymeric coating is to act as mask for the HF based chemical etching process responsible for the cladding stripping. Whereas, UV laser micromachining provides a valuable method to accurately pattern the polymeric coating and thus obtain a selective stripping along the grating structure. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the potentiality of the proposed approach to realize reliable and cost efficient MSFBGs enabling the prototyping of advanced photonics devices based on this technology.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(350.2770) Other areas of optics : Gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: August 9, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 4, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 4, 2007
Published: October 29, 2007

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, D. Paladino, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, "Micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings: optimization of the fabrication process," Opt. Express 15, 15011-15021 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. R. Giles, "Lightwave applications of fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1391-1404 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, A. M. Vengsarkar, "All-optical switching in long period fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 22, 883-885 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Duhem, A. DaCosta, J. F. Henninot, M. Douay, "Long period copper-coated grating as electrically tunable wavelength-selective filter," Electron. Lett. 35, 1014-1016 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. G. P. Agrawal, S. Radic, "Phase-Shift Fiber Bragg Gratings and their Application for Wavelength Demultiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995-997 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Villatoro, D. Monzòn-Hernandez, D. Talavera, "High resolution refractive index sensing with cladded multimode tapered optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 40, 106-107 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, "Sensitivity characteristics of long period fiber gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255-266 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Lee, "Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57-79 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, "Compact Silicon Tunable Fabry-Pérot Resonator With Low Power Consumption," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 506-508 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. B. R. Acharya, T. Krupenkin, S. Ramachandran, Z. Wang, C. C. Huang, J. A. Rogers, "Tunable optical fiber devices based on broadband long-period gratings and pumped microfluidics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4912 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. P. Mach, C. Kerbage, M. Dolinski, K. Baldwin, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, "Tunable microfluidic optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4294 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. P. Domachuk, I. C. M. Littler, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. J. Eggleton, "Compact resonant integrated microfluidic refractometers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 093513 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, A. Cusano, "Micro-Structured Fiber Bragg Gratings: Analysis and Fabrication," Electron. Lett. 41, 466-468 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, A. Cusano, "Refractive Index Sensor Based on Micro-Structured Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1250-1252 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, M. Giordano, "Thinned Fiber Bragg Gratings as High Sensitivity Refractive Index Sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 149-1151 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, D. Paladino, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, "Micro-Structured Fiber Bragg Gratings Part I: Spectral Characteristics," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 281-290 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, D. Paladino, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, "Micro-Structured Fiber Bragg Gratings Part II: Towards Advanced Photonic Devices," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 291-301 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. P. E. Dier, S. M. Maswadi, C. D. Walton, M. Ersoz, P. D. I. Fletcher, V. N. Paunov, "157-nm laser micromachining of N-BK7 glass and replication for microcontact printing," Appl. Phys. A - Materials Science & Processing 77, 391-394 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, J. P. Noad, R. B. Walker, S. J. Mihailov, J. Ding, M. Day, "All-Polymer Photonic Devices Using Excimer Laser Micromachining," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 509-511 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. K. Awazu, "Ablation and compaction of amorphous SiO2 irradiated with ArF excimer laser," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 337, 241-253, (2004) [CrossRef]
  20. J. Yip, K. Chan, K. Moon Sin, K. Shui Lau, "Comprehensive study of pulsed UV-laser modified polyamide fibers," Mat Res Innovat 7, 302-307, (2003) [CrossRef]
  21. H. K. Kuiken, "A mathematical model for wet-chemical diffusion-controlled mask etching through a circular hole," J. Eng. Math. 45, 75-90 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. L. Wei, J. W. Y. Lit, "Phase Shifted Bragg Grating Filters with Symmetrical Structures," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405-1410 (1997). [CrossRef]
  23. R. Zengerle, O. Leminger, "Phase shifted Bragg-grating filters with improved transmission characteristics," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354-2358 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited