OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15053–15059

Direct rotation-induced intensity modulation in circular Bragg micro-lasers

Jacob Scheuer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15053-15059 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (389 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The effect of rotation on the lasing properties of circular Bragg micro-lasers is studied. In addition to the wavelength detuning caused by the Sagnac shift, a direct influence of the rotation on the lasing threshold of the clockwise and counterclockwise rotating modes is observed. The employment of the new effect for the realization of micro-rotation-sensors is discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3370) Lasers and laser optics : Laser gyroscopes
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: July 19, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 7, 2007
Published: October 30, 2007

Jacob Scheuer, "Direct rotation-induced intensity modulation in circular Bragg micro-lasers," Opt. Express 15, 15053-15059 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. J. Post, "Sagnac Effect," Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 475-493 (1967). [CrossRef]
  2. H. J. Arditty and H. C. Lefevre, "Sagnac Effect in Fiber Gyroscopes," Opt. Lett. 6, 401-403 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Ezekiel,  et al., in Optical Fiber Rotation Sensing, W. K. Burns, ed., (Academic Press Inc., Boston, 1994).
  4. U. Leonhardt and P. Piwnitski, "Ultrahigh sensitivity of slow-light gyroscope," Phys. Rev. A 62, 055801 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Z. Steinberg, "Rotating photonic crystals: A medium for compact optical gyroscopes," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056621-7 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Sagnac effect in coupled resonator slow light waveguide structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko and L. Maleki, "Optical gyroscope with whispering gallery mode optical cavities," Opt. Commun. 233, 107-112 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. B. Z. Steinberg, J. Scheuer and A. Boag, "Rotation-induced superstructure in slow-light waveguides with mode-degeneracy: optical gyroscopes with exponential sensitivity," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 24, 1216-1224 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Annular Bragg Defect mode Resonators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 20, (2003) 2285. [CrossRef]
  10. J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Coupled-Waves Approach to the Design and Analysis of Bragg and Photonic Crystal Annular Resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, (2003) 1555. [CrossRef]
  11. J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Circular photonic crystal resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036603 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Scheuer, W. M. J. Green, G. DeRose, and A. Yariv, "Low Threshold Two-Dimensional Annular Bragg Lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 2641-2643 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Scheuer, W. M. J. Green, G. DeRose and A. Yariv, "InGaAsP annular Bragg lasers: theory, applications and modal properties," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 476 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Scheuer, W. M. J. Green, G. DeRose and A. Yariv, "Lasing from a circular Bragg nanocavity with and ultrasmall modal volume," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251101 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Kristjansson, M. Li, N. Eriksson, M. Hagberg, K.-J. Killius, and A. Larsson, "Circular grating coupled DBR laser with integrated focusing outcoupler," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 416 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. P. L. Greene and D. G. Hall, "Effects of radiation on circular-grating DFB lasers. I. Coupled-mode equations," J. Quantum Electron. 37, 353 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. R. H. Jordan, D. G. Hall, O. King, G. Wicks, and S. Rishton, "Lasing behavior of circular grating surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 14, 449 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Fallahi, N. Peyghambarian, K. Kasunic, M. Dion, and Z. Wasilewski, "Circular-grating surface-emitting DBR laser array for free-space applications," Electron. Lett. 32, 1583 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. R. S. Penner, R. Bedford, H. Luo, S. Mendes, and M. Fallahi, "High-power wavelength-tunable circular-grating surface-emitting distributed Bragg deflector lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1359 (2000). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Fallahi, K. J. Kasunic, S. Penner, O. Nordman, and N. Peyghambarian, "Design and fabrication of circular grating coupled distributed Bragg reflector lasers," Opt. Eng. 37, 1169 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications 5th edition, (Oxford University Press, New York, 1997).
  22. B. Z. Steinberg and A. Boag, "Splitting of microcavity degenerate modes in rotating photonic crystals - the miniature optical gyroscopes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 142-151 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Sunada and T. Harayama, "Sagnac effect in resonant microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 74, 021801 (R) (2006). [CrossRef]
  24. B. Z. Steinberg, A. Shamir and A. Boag, "Two-dimensional Green’s function theory for the electrodynamics of a rotating medium," Phys. Rev. E. 74, 016608 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. G. N. Watson, Theory of Bessel Functions, 2nd ed. (London, U.K. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1952).
  26. J. Scheuer, "Radial Bragg Lasers: Optimal design for minimal threshold levels and enhanced mode discrimination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2178 (2007). [CrossRef]
  27. X. Sun, J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Optimal Design and Reduced Threshold in Vertically Emitting Circular Bragg Disk Resonator Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 359 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited