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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15115–15128

High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy

Laura A. Kranendonk, Xinliang An, Andrew W. Caswell, Randy E. Herold, Scott T. Sanders, Robert Huber, James G. Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Okura, and Yasuhiro Urata  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15115-15128 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.015115


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Abstract

We present a novel method for low noise, high-speed, real-time spectroscopy to monitor molecular absorption spectra. The system is based on a rapidly swept, narrowband CW Fourier-domain mode-locked (FDML) laser source for spectral encoding in time and an optically time-multiplexed split-pulse data acquisition system for improved noise performance and sensitivity. An acquisition speed of ∼100 kHz, a spectral resolution better than 0.1 nm over a wavelength range of ∼1335–1373 nm and a relative noise level of ∼5 mOD (∼1% minimum detectable base-e absorbance) are achieved. The system is applied for crank-angle-resolved gas thermometry by H2O absorption spectroscopy in an engine motoring at 600 and 900 rpm with a precision of ∼1%. Influences of various noise sources such as laser phase and intensity noise, trigger and synchronization jitter in the electronic detection system, and the accuracy of available H2O absorption databases are discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(170.6280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: August 31, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 19, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 23, 2007
Published: October 31, 2007

Citation
Laura A. Kranendonk, Xinliang An, Andrew W. Caswell, Randy E. Herold, Scott T. Sanders, Robert Huber, James G. Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Okura, and Yasuhiro Urata, "High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy," Opt. Express 15, 15115-15128 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15115


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References

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