OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15444–15456

Flame front detection and characterization using conditioned particle image velocimetry (CPIV)

Sebastian Pfadler, Frank Beyrau, and Alfred Leipertz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15444-15456 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.015444


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1117 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigate the ability of the conditioned particle image velocimetry technique (CPIV) to derive the actual flame front position in turbulent premixed flames. In CPIV, the flame front shape is deduced from the step in the particle number density in PIV images caused by the steep temperature increase in the reaction zone of premixed flames. In a validation experiment the true flame front position is deduced for comparison from simultaneous heat release measurements using planar LIF measurements of OH and CH2O. It is found that CPIV yields nearly the same spatial position as the heat release measurements or the steepest slope in the OH distribution. Furthermore, statistical quantities, derived from the extracted flame front shape, like the spatially resolved turbulent flux, the flame surface density and the flame front curvature are compared, showing negligible differences between the applied methods.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.2960) Image processing : Image analysis
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(120.7250) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Velocimetry
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: September 18, 2007
Revised Manuscript: November 1, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 2, 2007
Published: November 6, 2007

Citation
Sebastian Pfadler, Frank Beyrau, and Alfred Leipertz, "Flame front detection and characterization using conditioned particle image velocimetry (CPIV)," Opt. Express 15, 15444-15456 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15444


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Cabra, T. Myhrvold, J. Y. Chen, R. W. Dibble, A. N. Karpetis, and R. S. Barlow, "Simultaneous Laser Raman-Rayleigh-LIF Measurements and Numerical Modeling Results of a Lifted Turbulent H2/N2 Jet Flame in a Vitiated Coflow," Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1881-1888 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. J. H. Frank and R. S. Barlow, "Simultaneous Rayleigh, Raman, and LIF measurements in turbulent premixed methane-air flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 759-766 (1998).
  3. J. Hult, M. Richter, J. Nygren, M. Aldén, A. Hultqvist, M. Christensen, and B. Johansson, "Application of a High-Repetition-Rate Laser Diagnostic System for Single-Cycle-Resolved Imaging in Internal Combustion Engines," Appl. Opt. 41, 5002-5014 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. D. Carter, and R. S. Barlow, "Simultaneous measurements of NO, OH, and the major species in turbulent flames," Opt. Lett. 19, 299-301 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. C. D. Carter, J. M. Donbar, and J. F. Driscoll, "Simultaneous CH planar laser-induced fluorescence and particle imaging velocimetry in turbulent nonpremixed flames," Appl. Phys. B 66, 129-132 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Löffler, S. Pfadler, F. Beyrau, A. Leipertz, F. Dinkelacker, Y. Huai, and A. Sadiki, "Experimental determination of the sub-grid scale scalar flux in a non-reacting jet-flow," Flow Turbul. Combust., doi:10.1007/s10494-007-9102-6 (2007).
  7. A. Leipertz, G. Kowalewski, and S. Kampmann, "Measurement of gas temperature and temperature structures in premixed flames by using laser Rayleigh techniques," in Temperature: Its measurement and control in Science and Industry, (Am. Institute of Physics, New York, 1992), pp. 685-690.
  8. D. Most, and A. Leipertz, "Simultaneous Two-dimensional Flow Velocity and Gas Temperature Measurements using a Combined Particle Image Velocimetry and Filtered Rayleigh Scattering Technique," Appl. Opt. 40, 5379-5387 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Hofmann, and A. Leipertz, "Temperature field measurements in a sooting flame by filtered Rayleigh scattering," Proc. Combust. Inst. 26, 945-950 (1996).
  10. M. G. Allen, R. D. Howe, and R. K. Hanson, "Digital imaging of reaction zones in hydrocarbon-air flames using planar laser-induced fluorescence of CH and C2," Opt. Lett. 11, 126 - 128 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Tanahashi, S. Murakami, G.-M. Choi, Y. Fukuchi, and T. Miyauchi, "Simultaneous CH-OH PLIF and stereoscopic PIV measurements of turbulent premixed flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 30, 1665-1672 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Böckle, J. Kazenwadel, T. Kunzelmann, D.-I. Shin, and C. Schulz, "Single-shot laser-induced fluorescence imaging of formaldehyde with XeF excimer excitation," Appl. Phys. B 70, 733-735 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. Z. S. Li, J. Kiefer, J. Zetterberg, M. Linvin, A. Leipertz, X. S. Bai, and M. Aldén, "Development of improved PLIF CH detection using an Alexandrite laser for single-shot investigation of turbulent and lean flames " Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 727-735 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. N. W. H. Armstrong and K. N. C. Bray, "Premixed turbulent combustion flowfield measurements using PIV and LST and their application to flamelet modelling of engine combustion," SAE Paper 922322 (1992).
  15. E. J. Stevens, K. N. C. Bray, and B. Lecordier, "Velocity and Scalar statistics for premixed turbulent stagnation flames using PIV," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 949-955 (1998).
  16. S. Pfadler, A. Leipertz, F. Dinkelacker, J. Wäsle, A. Winkler, and T. Sattelmayer, "Two-dimensional direct measurement of the turbulent flux in turbulent premixed swirl flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 1337-1344 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. P. H. Paul, and H. N. Najm, "Planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging of flame heat release rate," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 43-50 (1998).
  18. S. Pfadler, M. Czichos, F. Dinkelacker, and A. Leipertz, "Measurement of turbulent transport mechanisms in premixed flames by conditioned PIV techniques," in European Combustion Meeting 2005, (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 2005), paper 113.
  19. S. Pfadler, M. Löffler, F. Dinkelacker, and A. Leipertz, "Measurement of the conditioned turbulence and temperature field of a premixed Bunsen burner by planar laser Rayleigh scattering and stereo particle image velocimetry," Exp. Fluids 39, 375-384 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, "Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames," Combust. Flame 144, 1-16 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. H. N. Najm, P. H. Paul, C. J. Mueller, and P. S. Wyckoff, "On the adequacy of certain experimental observables as measurements of flame burning rate," Combust. Flame 113, 312-332 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. J. E. Harrington, and K. C. Smyth, "Laser-induced fluorescence measurements of formaldehyde in a methane/air diffusion flame," Chem. Phys. Lett. 202, 196-202 (1993). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Pfadler, F. Beyrau, M. Löffler, and A. Leipertz, "Application of a beam homogenizer to planar laser diagnostics," Opt. Express 14, 10171-10180 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Böckle, J. Kazenwadel, T. Kunzelmann, D.-I. Shin, C. Schulz, and J. Wolfrum, "Simultaneous single-shot laser-based imaging of formaldehyde, OH and temperature in turbulent flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 279-286 (2000). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Veynante, J. M. Duclos, and J. Piana, "Experimental analysis of flamelet models for premixed turbulent combustion," Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1249-1256 (1994).
  26. F. Mokhtarian, and A. Mackworth, "Scale-based description and recognition of planar curves and two-dimensional shapes," IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 8, 34-43 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited