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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15555–15565

Spectral characteristics and bend response of Bragg gratings inscribed in all-solid bandgap fibers

Long Jin, Zhi Wang, Qiang Fang, Yange Liu, Bo Liu, Guiyun Kai, and Xiaoyi Dong  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15555-15565 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.015555


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Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the spectral characteristics and bend response of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers (PBGFs). We inscribe FBGs within the secondary bandgap by ultraviolet (UV) side illumination and observe the couplings to backward core mode, guided LP01 and LP11 supermodes and radiative LP02 supermodes. The mechanisms of these resonant couplings in the FBG are described in detail. We demonstrate that only those supermodes with certain phase relationships and symmetric mode field profiles are responsible for the supermode resonances. When the fiber grating is bent, the guided supermode resonances become chirped as a result of the strain gradient over the fiber cross section. Meanwhile, the core resonance is enhanced, due to more energy of the core mode distributed in the cladding rods. The bend response is direction dependant owing to the nonuniform UV-induced average index raises and index modulation over the high-index rod lattice.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

History
Original Manuscript: September 4, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 27, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 30, 2007
Published: November 9, 2007

Citation
Long Jin, Zhi Wang, Qiang Fang, Yange Liu, Bo Liu, Guiyun Kai, and Xiaoyi Dong, "Spectral characteristics and bend response of Bragg gratings inscribed in all-solid bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15555-15565 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15555


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