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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 25 — Dec. 10, 2007
  • pp: 16696–16701

Optical ridge waveguides in SBN crystal produced by low-dose carbon ion implantation followed by a sputter etching technique

Yang Tan, Feng Chen, and Huai-Jin Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 25, pp. 16696-16701 (2007)

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This paper demonstrates, for the first time, a method to fabricate optical ridge waveguides in SBN photorefractive crystal, i.e. by first using high-energy carbon ion implantation (forming planar waveguide substrate) followed by Ar+ ion sputter etching (constructing ridged stripes). A two-dimensional (2D) cross-sectional refractive index profile of ridge waveguide is reconstructed by carefully considering the ridged topography as well as the index distributions of the planar waveguide. Based on this profile, the waveguide modes are calculated, in which shows a reasonable agreement with the experimentally observed modal near-field intensity distributions.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: August 27, 2007
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 15, 2007
Published: December 3, 2007

Yang Tan, Feng Chen, and Huai-Jin Zhang, "Optical ridge waveguides in SBN crystal produced by low-dose carbon ion implantation followed by a sputter etching technique," Opt. Express 15, 16696-16701 (2007)

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