OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 25 — Dec. 10, 2007
  • pp: 16980–16985

Tunable luminescence of CaO-Al2O3-GeO2 glasses

Geng Lin, Bin Zhu, Shifeng Zhou, Hucheng Yang, and Jianrong Qiu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 25, pp. 16980-16985 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1310 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report tunable luminescence in oxygen-deficient CaO-Al2O3-GeO2 glasses. The glass samples were prepared by adding metal Al instead of corresponding oxide (Al2O3). Efficient blue and red emissions were observed when excited by 300 and 370 nm ultraviolet light, respectively. By adjusting the content of metal Al, we could control the quantities of the defects which results in tunable luminescence from blue to white to red. Furthermore the resultant oxygen-deficient glasses have shown bright white luminescence when the excitation wavelength tuned to 335nm. Our method opens a new route for the white light illumination.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: August 6, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 19, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 21, 2007
Published: December 4, 2007

Geng Lin, Bin Zhu, Shifeng Zhou, Hucheng Yang, and Jianrong Qiu, "Tunable luminescence of CaO-Al2O3-GeO2 glasses," Opt. Express 15, 16980-16985 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Szuromi and D. Clery, "Control and use of defects in materials," Science. 281, 939-940 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. Kawasaki, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photo-sensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647-649 (1978). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, "Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 46, 11 445-11 451 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Amemiya and J. Miyahara, "Imaging plate illuminates many fields," Nature (London).  336, 89-90 (1988). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Takahashi, J. Miyahara, and Y. Shibahara, "Photostimulated luminescence (PSL) and color centers in BaFX:Eu2+ (X = Cl, Br, I) phosphors," J. Electrochem. Soc. 132, 1492-1494 (1985). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Qiu, Y. Shimizugawa, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, "Photostimulated luminescence of Ce3+ doped alkali borate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 43-45 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Qiu, Y. Shimizugawa, Y. Iwabuchi and K. Hirao, "Photostimulated luminescence in Eu2+-doped fluoroaluminate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 759-761 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. M. C. Wang, J. S. Wang, and M. H. Hon, "Effect of Na2O addition on the optical properties and chemical durability of Li2O-CaO-Al2O3-GeO2 glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 2651-2655 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Huang, X. Liu, W. Xu, B. Chen, and J. Lin, "Infrared and visible luminescence properties of Er3+ and Yb3+ ions codoped Ca3Al2Ge3O12 glass under 978 nm diode laser excitation," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5550-5553 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Sivakumar, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, and M. Raudsepp, "Bright white light through up-conversion of a single NIR source from sol-gel-derived thin film made with Ln3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 12464-12465 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. J. BowersII, J. R. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, "White-light emission from magic-sized cadmium selenide nanocrystals," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 15378-15379 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Stevels, "Ultraviolet transmittivity of glasses," Proceedings 11th International CongressPure and Applied Chemistry. 5, 519-521 (1953).
  15. M. Fujimaki, T. Watanabe, T. Katoh, T. Kasahara, N. Miyazaki, Y. Ohki, and H. Nishikawa, "Structures and generation mechanisms of paramagnetic centers and absorption bands responsible for Ge-doped SiO2 optical-fiber gratings," Phys. Rev. B 60, 4682-4687 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. D. P. Poulios, J. P. Spoonhower, and N. P. Bigelow, "Influence of oxygen deficiencies and hydrogen-loading on defect luminescence in irradiated Ge-doped silica glasses," J. Lumin. 101, 23-33 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Awazu, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, ‘Formation mechanism of hydrogen-associated defect with an 11.9 mT doublet in electron spin resonance and red luminescence in 9SiO2:GeO2 fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 2237-2240 (1993). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Kohketsu, K. Awazu, H. Kawazoe and M. Yamane, "Photoluminescence in VAD SiO2:GeO2 glasses sintered under reducing or oxidizing conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 622-631 (1989). [CrossRef]
  19. http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/vision/cie.html#c2.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited