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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 26 — Dec. 24, 2007
  • pp: 17827–17841

Depth-resolved optical imaging of transmural electrical propagation in perfused heart

Elizabeth M. C. Hillman, Olivier Bernus, Emily Pease, Matthew B. Bouchard, and Arkady Pertsov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 26, pp. 17827-17841 (2007)

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We present a study of the 3-dimensional (3D) propagation of electrical waves in the heart wall using Laminar Optical Tomography (LOT). Optical imaging contrast is provided by a voltage sensitive dye whose fluorescence reports changes in membrane potential. We examined the transmural propagation dynamics of electrical waves in the right ventricle of Langendorf perfused rat hearts, initiated either by endo-cardial or epi-cardial pacing. 3D images were acquired at an effective frame rate of 667Hz. We compare our experimental results to a mathematical model of electrical transmural propagation. We demonstrate that LOT can clearly resolve the direction of propagation of electrical waves within the cardiac wall, and that the dynamics observed agree well with the model of electrical propagation in rat ventricular tissue.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.3010) Medical optics and biotechnology : Image reconstruction techniques
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging
(170.3890) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics instrumentation
(170.2655) Medical optics and biotechnology : Functional monitoring and imaging

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

Original Manuscript: August 28, 2007
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 18, 2007
Published: December 13, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Elizabeth M. C. Hillman, Olivier Bernus, Emily Pease, Matthew B. Bouchard, and Arkady Pertsov, "Depth-resolved optical imaging of transmural electrical propagation in perfused heart," Opt. Express 15, 17827-17841 (2007)

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