OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 26 — Dec. 24, 2007
  • pp: 17874–17880

Laser emission in proton-implanted Nd:YAG channel waveguides

E. Flores-Romero, G. V. Vázquez, H. Márquez, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. Rickards, and R. Trejo-Luna  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 26, pp. 17874-17880 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (138 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The performance of lasers based on channel waveguides produced by proton implantation in Nd:YAG crystals through an electroformed mask is reported. The fabrication method used can produce several waveguide lasers in the crystal by a single implantation process with very good optical performance. The analysis and comparison of the main laser emission features, as well as the propagation losses of these waveguides, by using different output couplers in the laser cavity is also presented.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3530) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, neodymium
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: July 17, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 19, 2007
Published: December 14, 2007

E. Flores-Romero, G. V. Vázquez, H. Márquez, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. Rickards, and R. Trejo-Luna, "Laser emission in proton-implanted Nd:YAG channel waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 17874-17880 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P.D. Townsend, P.J. Chandler and L. Zhang, Optical effects of ion implantation (Cambridge University Press, 1994). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Flores-Romero, G.V. Vázquez, H. Márquez, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. Rickards and R. Trejo-Luna, "Optical channel waveguides by proton and carbon implantation in Nd:YAG crystals," Opt. Express 15, 8513-8520 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Szachowicz, P. Moretti, M.F. Joubert, M. Couchaud and B. Ferrand, "Fabrication of H+ implanted channel waveguides in Y3Al5O12:Nd,Tm single crystal buried epitaxial layers for infrared to blue upconversion laser systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 0131113 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Zhang, P.J. Chandler, P.D. Townsend, S.J. Field, D.C. Hanna, D.P. Shepherd and A.C. Tropper, "Characterization of ion implanted waveguides in Nd:YAG," J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3440-3446 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. G.V. Vázquez, J. Rickards, H. Márquez, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar and M. Domenech, "Optical waveguides in Nd:YAG by proton implantation," Opt. Commun. 218, 141-146 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. G.V. Vázquez, J. Rickards, G. Lifante, M. Domenech and E. Cantelar, "Low dose carbon implanted waveguides in Nd:YAG," Opt. Express 11, 1291-1296 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P.J. Chandler, S.J. Field, D.C. Hanna, D.P. Shepherd, P.D. Townsend, A.C. Tropper and L. Zhang, "Ion-implanted Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 985-986 (1989). [CrossRef]
  8. S.J. Field, D.C. Hanna, D.P. Shepherd, A.C. Tropper, P.J. Chandler, P.D. Townsend and L. Zhang, "Ion-implanted Nd:YAG waveguide lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 428-433 (1991). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Domenech, G.V. Vázquez, E. Cantelar and G. Lifante, "CW laser action at ? = 1064.3 nm in proton and carbon implanted Nd:YAG waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4110-4112 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. E. Flores-Romero, G.V. Vázquez, H. Márquez, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. Rickards and R. Trejo-Luna, "Planar waveguide lasers by proton implantation in Nd:YAG crystals," Opt. Express 12, 2264-2269 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Moretti, M.F. Joubert, S. Tascu, B. Jacquier, M. Kaczkan, M. Malinowskii and J. Samecki, "Luminescence of Nd3+ in proton or helium-implanted channel waveguides in Nd:YAG crystals," Opt. Mater. 24, 315-319 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. S.J. Field, D.C. Hanna, A.C. Large, D.P. Shepherd, A.C. Tropper, P.J. Chandler, P.D. Townsend and L. Zhang, "Low threshold ion-implanted Nd:YAG channel waveguide laser," Electron. Lett. 27, 2375-2376 (1991). [CrossRef]
  13. J.F. Bourhis, "Fibre to waveguide connection," in Glass Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Devices, S.I. Najafi, ed., SPIE Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR53, 335-366 (1994).
  14. R. Paschotta, "Lasers," Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology (RP Photonics Consulting GmbH, 2007). http://www.rp-photonics.com/lasers.html
  15. Z. Huang, Y. Huang, Y. Chen and Z. Luo, "Theoretical study on the laser performances of Nd3+:YAG and Nd3+:YVO4 under indirect and direct pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2564-2569 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited