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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 26 — Dec. 24, 2007
  • pp: 18283–18293

Fabrication and characterization of three-dimensional copper metallodielectric photonic crystals

Amir Tal, Yun-Sheng Chen, Henry E. Williams, Raymond C. Rumpf, and Stephen M. Kuebler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 26, pp. 18283-18293 (2007)

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Three-dimensional metallodielectric photonic crystals were created by fabricating a micron-scale polymeric template using multi-photon direct laser writing (DLW) in SU-8 and conformally and selectively coating the template with copper (Cu) via nanoparticle-nucleated electroless metallization. This process deposits a uniform metal coating, even deep within a lattice, because it is not directional like sputter-coating or evaporative deposition. Infrared reflectance spectra show that upon metallization the optical behavior transitions fully from a dielectric photonic crystal to that of a metal photonic crystal (MPC). After depositing 50 nm of Cu, the MPCs exhibit a strong plasmonic stop band having reflectance greater than 80% across the measured part of the band and reaching as high as 95% at some wavelengths. Numerical simulations match remarkably well with the experimental data and predict all dominant features observed in the reflectance measurements, showing that the MPCs are structurally well formed. These data show that the Cu-based process can be used to create high performance MPCs and devices that are difficult or impossible to fabricate by other means.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: October 12, 2007
Revised Manuscript: December 10, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2007
Published: December 20, 2007

Amir Tal, Yun-Sheng Chen, Henry E. Williams, Raymond C. Rumpf, and Stephen M. Kuebler, "Fabrication and characterization of three-dimensional copper metallodielectric photonic crystals," Opt. Express 15, 18283-18293 (2007)

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