OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 3 — Feb. 5, 2007
  • pp: 1286–1291

Negative refraction imaging in a hybrid photonic-crystal device at near-infrared frequencies

Zhaolin Lu, Binglin Miao, Timothy R. Hodson, Chunchen Lin, Janusz A. Murakowski, and Dennis W. Prather  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 3, pp. 1286-1291 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (764 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the experimental demonstration of imaging of a point source by negative refraction at near-infrared frequencies using a hybrid photonic crystal device. The photonic crystal device, fabricated by patterning holes in 260nm silicon-on-insulator, integrates a triangular-lattice photonic crystal with a large photonic bandgap and square-lattice photonic crystal with negative refraction. Experimental results show that the output of a line-defect photonic bandgap waveguide provides a nearly ideal point source and then is imaged through the photonic crystal by negative refraction.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: December 19, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 17, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 17, 2007
Published: February 5, 2007

Zhaolin Lu, Binglin Miao, Timothy R. Hodson, Chunchen Lin, Janusz A. Murakowski, and Dennis W. Prather, "Negative refraction imaging in a hybrid photonic crystal device at near-infrared frequencies," Opt. Express 15, 1286-1291 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. G. Veselago, "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509-514 (1968). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Cubukcu, K. Aydin, E. Ozbay, S. Foteinopoulou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic wave: negative refraction by photonic crystals," Nature 423, 604-605 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. V. Parimi, W. T. Lu, P. Vodo, J. Sokoloff, J. S. Derov, and S. Sridhar, "Negative refraction and left-handed electromagnetism in microwave photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 127401(4) (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Z. Lu, C. Chen, C. A. Schuetz, S. Shi, J. A. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, "Sub-wavelength imaging by a flat cylindrical lens using optimized negative refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091907(3) (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Lu, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, "Three-dimensional subwavelength imaging by a photonic-crystal flat lens using negative refraction at microwave frequencies," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153901(4) (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Lu, S. Shi, C. A. Schuetz, J. A. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "Three-dimensional photonic crystal flat lens by full 3D negative refraction," Opt. Express 13, 5592-5599 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelengths in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902(4) (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Schonbrun, T. Yamashita, W. Park, and C. J. Summers, "Negative-index imaging by an index-matched photonic crystal slab, " Phys. Rev. B 73, 195117(6) (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. D. W. Prather, J. Murakowski, S. Shi, S. Venkataraman, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, and D. Pustai, "High-efficiency coupling structure for a single-line-defect photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 27, 1601-1603 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Jannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, "All-angle negative refraction without negative effective index," Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104(R) (4) (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited