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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 3 — Feb. 5, 2007
  • pp: 1301–1306

Optimal radii of photonic crystal holes within DBR mirrors in long wavelength VCSEL

Tomasz Czyszanowski, Maciej Dems, Hugo Thienpont, and Krassimir Panajotov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 3, pp. 1301-1306 (2007)

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The modal characteristics of a Photonic-Crystal Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting diode Laser (PC-VCSEL) have been investigated. Photonic crystal structure, realized by a regular net of air holes within the layers, has been etched in the upper DBR mirror. An advanced three-dimensional, vectorial electromagnetic model has been applied to a phosphide – based device design featuring InGaAlAs active region, AlGaAs/GaAs mirrors and a tunnel junction to confine the current flow. For the structure under consideration a single mode operation has been found for the hole diameter over photonic crystal lattice constant ratio between 0.1–0.3.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3430) Lasers and laser optics : Laser theory
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: September 28, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 16, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 17, 2007
Published: February 5, 2007

Tomasz Czyszanowski, Maciej Dems, Hugo Thienpont, and Krassimir Panajotov, "Optimal radii of photonic crystal holes within DBR mirrors in long wavelength VCSEL," Opt. Express 15, 1301-1306 (2007)

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  1. P. S. Ivanov, H. J. Unold, R. Michalzik, J. Maehnss, K. J. Ebeling, I. A. Sukhoivanov, "Theoretical study of cold-cavity single-mode conditions in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with incorporated two-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2442 - 2447 (2003). [CrossRef]
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  4. M. Dems, R. Kotynski, K. Panajotov "Plane Wave Admittance Method — a novel approach for determining the electromagnetic modes in photonic structures," Opt. Express 13, 3196 - 3207 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  6. R.P. Sarzala; P. Mackowiak; M. Wasiak; T. Czyszanowski; W. Nakwaski "Simulation of performance characteristics of GaInNAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEE Proceedings-Optoelectronics 150, 83 - 85 (2003).
  7. J. Chang, C. L. Shieh, X. Huang, G. Liu, M. V. R. Murty, C. C. Lin, and D. X. Xu, "Efficient CW lasing and high-speed modulation of 1.3 mm AlGaInAs VCSELs with good high temperature lasing performance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 7 - 9 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Czyszanowski, M. Dems, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov "Validation of Plane Wave Admittance MethodApplied to Vertical - Cavity Surface - Emitting Diode Lasers,"submitted to J. Opt. Soc Am. B
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