OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 3 — Feb. 5, 2007
  • pp: 829–833

High nonlinearity glass photonic crystal nanowires

N. A. Wolchover, F. Luan, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 3, pp. 829-833 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.000829


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (338 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Soft glass photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) have been fabricated for the first time with the stack and draw process. The same SF6-PCFs have been successfully tapered using a brush flame method. The transverse structure of the PCF does not collapse in the tapering process and core dimensions of the fabricated photonic nanowire has been measured to be 400 nm in diameter. Supercontinuum radiation in excess of one octave has been generated in both the untapered and tapered PCF and, in the latter case, pulse energy thresholds of 65 picojoules at a pump wavelength of 1550 nm were observed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.7140) Fiber optics and optical communications : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(160.2290) Materials : Fiber materials
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(320.5550) Ultrafast optics : Pulses
(320.7140) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: December 20, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 25, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 26, 2007
Published: February 5, 2007

Citation
N. A. Wolchover, F. Luan, F. G. Omenetto, A. K. George, and J. C. Knight, "High nonlinearity glass photonic crystal nanowires," Opt. Express 15, 829-833 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-3-829


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys., 78,1135–1184 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, I. T. Sorokina, V. V. R. Kumar, A. K. George, “Low-threshold supercontinuum generation from an extruded SF6- PCF using a compact Cr4+: YAG laser,” App. Phys. B 79,591–596 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 11,3196–3201 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, T. M. Monro, “Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers,” Opt. Express, 11,3568–3573 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Hori, J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, T. Goto, “Flatly broadened, wideband and low noise supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear hybrid fiber,” Opt. Express 12,317–324 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, “Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 10,1520–1525 (2002). [PubMed]
  7. F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, et al., Opt. Express, “Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 14,4928–4934 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Guiyao, H. Zhiyun, L. Shuguang, H. Lantian, “Fabrication of glass photonic crystal fibers with a die-cast process,” Appl. Optics 45,4433–4436 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, et al., “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source,” JOSA B 19,2148–2155 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, et al., “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr : forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B, 74307–311 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Zaharieva Maxwell, E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426,816–819 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Cao et al., “Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation,” Appl. Phys. B, 81,363–367 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited