OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 3 — Feb. 5, 2007
  • pp: 955–964

Harmonically mode-locked VECSELs for multi-GHz pulse train generation

Esa J. Saarinen, Antti Härkönen, Robert Herda, Soile Suomalainen, Lasse Orsila, Tommi Hakulinen, Mircea Guina, and Oleg G. Okhotnikov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 3, pp. 955-964 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (216 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on optically-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers passively mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror. The potential of harmonic mode-locking in producing pulse trains at multigigahertz repetition rates has been explored. The results present first systematic study of multiple pulse formation in passively mode-locked VECSELs.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: October 16, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 15, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 25, 2007
Published: February 5, 2007

Esa J. Saarinen, Antti Härkönen, Robert Herda, Soile Suomalainen, Lasse Orsila, Tommi Hakulinen, Mircea Guina, and Oleg G. Okhotnikov, "Harmonically mode-locked VECSELs for multi-GHz pulse train generation," Opt. Express 15, 955-964 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Aschwanden, D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, and U. Keller, "2.1-W picosecond passively mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor laser," Opt. Lett. 30,272-274 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, "10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,267-269 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, "Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. A 79,927-932 (2004).
  4. Q. Zhang, K. Jasim, A. V. Nurmikko, A. Mooradian, G. Carey, W. Ha, and E. Ippen, "Operation of a passively mode-locked extended-cavity surface-emitting diode laser in multi-GHz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,885-887 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Paschotta, R. Häring, A. Garnache, S. Hoogland, A. C. Tropper, and U. Keller, "Soliton like pulse-shaping in passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. B. 75,445-451 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. L. F. Mollenauer, and R. H. Stolen, "The soliton laser," Opt Lett. 9, 13-15 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Nathan Kutz, B. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34,1749-1757 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Energy quantization in figure eight fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 28,1391-1393 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited