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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 4 — Feb. 19, 2007
  • pp: 1443–1453

Coupling light into few-mode optical fibres I: The diffraction limit

Anthony J. Horton and Joss Bland-Hawthorn  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 4, pp. 1443-1453 (2007)

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Multimode fibres are widely used in astronomy because of the ease of coupling light into them at a telescope focus. The photonics industry has given rise to a broad range of products but these are almost exclusively restricted to single-mode fibres, although some can be adapted for use in fibres that allow several modes to propagate. Now that astronomical telescopes are moving toward diffraction-limited performance through the use of adaptive optics (AO), we address the problem of coupling light into a few-mode fibre (FMF). We find that fibres with as few as ∼5 guided modes share important characterisitcs with multimode fibres, in particular high coupling efficiency. We anticipate that future astronomical instruments at an AO-corrected focus will be able to exploit a broad class of photonic devices.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: October 20, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 29, 2007
Published: February 19, 2007

Anthony J. Horton and Joss Bland-Hawthorn, "Coupling light into few-mode optical fibres I: The diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15, 1443-1453 (2007)

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