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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 6 — Mar. 19, 2007
  • pp: 3437–3451

Four beams evanescent waves interference lithography for patterning of two dimensional features

J. K. Chua, V. M. Murukeshan, S. K. Tan, and Q. Y. Lin  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 6, pp. 3437-3451 (2007)

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This work presents a theoretical study of using the interference of multiple counter-propagating evanescent waves as a lithography technique to print periodic two dimensional features. The formulation of the three dimensional Cartesian space expression of an evanescent wave is presented. In this work, the evanescent wave is generated by the total internal reflection of a plane wave at the interface between a incident dielectric material and a weakly absorbing transmission medium. The influences of polarization, incident angle and the phase shifting of the incident plane waves on the evanescent wave interference are studied. Numerical simulation results suggest that this technique enables fabrication of periodic two dimensional features with resolution less than one third the wavelength of the irradiation source.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.3740) Optical design and fabrication : Lithography
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves
(260.6970) Physical optics : Total internal reflection

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: January 23, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 9, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: March 9, 2007
Published: March 19, 2007

J. K. Chua, V. M. Murukeshan, S. K. Tan, and Q. Y. Lin, "Four beams evanescent waves interference lithography for patterning of two dimensional features," Opt. Express 15, 3437-3451 (2007)

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